Introduction Periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) following unicompartmental knee arthroplasties (UKAs) will increase. The aim of this review is to evaluate current evidence regarding treatment options, complications, clinical and radiological outcomes of PJI management in UKAs. Methods A systematic review of English literature was performed. Retrospective and prospective studies providing treatment options, complications, clinical and radiological outcomes of PJI following UKAs were included. PJI type, treatment, survival rate with no reoperation for infection and survival rate with no reoperation for any cause were evaluated. Results Eleven articles were included. Three studies focusing on PJI following UKA (45 cases) report a survival rate with no reoperation for infection of 68.9% and a survival rate with no reoperation for any cause of 48.9%. Eight articles concerning UKA failure modes (28 cases) overestimate survival rate with no reoperation for infection (88.9%) and survival rate with no reoperation for any cause (88.9%) (p < 0.05). DAIR reports a rate of infection eradication failure ranging from 43.8 to 100%. 1SE allows for a survival rate with no reoperation for infection of 100%. 2SE reports a rate of infection eradication failure ranging from 0 to 12.5%. A high rate of early aseptic reoperation is reported, despite infection eradication (20% in DAIR; 28.5% in 2SE). Conclusions Treatment strategy is determined by symptom timing, PJI type (acute vs chronic), causative organism, patient's comorbidities. A longer duration of PJI or severe host and extremity status seems to require 2SE or 1SE. Patients who have a shorter duration of PJI could receive DAIR.

Periprosthetic joint infection in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: treatment options and outcomes. What is the current evidence in literature?

Zanirato, Andrea;Cavagnaro, Luca;Chiarlone, Francesco;Quarto, Emanuele;Formica, Matteo
2022

Abstract

Introduction Periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) following unicompartmental knee arthroplasties (UKAs) will increase. The aim of this review is to evaluate current evidence regarding treatment options, complications, clinical and radiological outcomes of PJI management in UKAs. Methods A systematic review of English literature was performed. Retrospective and prospective studies providing treatment options, complications, clinical and radiological outcomes of PJI following UKAs were included. PJI type, treatment, survival rate with no reoperation for infection and survival rate with no reoperation for any cause were evaluated. Results Eleven articles were included. Three studies focusing on PJI following UKA (45 cases) report a survival rate with no reoperation for infection of 68.9% and a survival rate with no reoperation for any cause of 48.9%. Eight articles concerning UKA failure modes (28 cases) overestimate survival rate with no reoperation for infection (88.9%) and survival rate with no reoperation for any cause (88.9%) (p < 0.05). DAIR reports a rate of infection eradication failure ranging from 43.8 to 100%. 1SE allows for a survival rate with no reoperation for infection of 100%. 2SE reports a rate of infection eradication failure ranging from 0 to 12.5%. A high rate of early aseptic reoperation is reported, despite infection eradication (20% in DAIR; 28.5% in 2SE). Conclusions Treatment strategy is determined by symptom timing, PJI type (acute vs chronic), causative organism, patient's comorbidities. A longer duration of PJI or severe host and extremity status seems to require 2SE or 1SE. Patients who have a shorter duration of PJI could receive DAIR.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1093896
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