Introduction: The purpose was to compare two flexible regimens of intravitreal aflibercept (IVT-AFL) with fixed dosing every 8 weeks, beyond the first year of treatment, in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME). VIOLET was a 100-week, randomized, Phase IIIb, non-inferiority study in patients with center-involving DME previously treated with IVT-AFL for ≥ 1 year according to the European label. Methods: Patients received an initial dose of IVT-AFL at study baseline and were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to treat-and-extend (T&E), pro re nata (PRN), or fixed regimens. The primary endpoint was mean change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) from baseline (randomization) to Week 52. Results: Full analysis set comprised 458 patients (baseline mean BCVA: 72.5, 71.0, and 72.7 letters in the T&E, PRN, and fixed-dose groups, respectively). Patients received a mean (min–max) of 10.0 (2–14; T&E), 11.5 (1–25; PRN), and 12.3 (3–13; fixed) injections over 100 weeks, with 13.3 (4–23), 25.0 (3–29), and 16.1 (5–25) clinic visits, respectively. At Week 52, mean (± standard deviation) BCVA changes from baseline were + 0.5 ± 6.7 (T&E), + 1.7 ± 6.8 (PRN), and + 0.4 ± 6.7 (fixed-dosing) letters (least squares mean difference [95% confidence interval]: T&E 0.01 [− 1.46, 1.47] and PRN 0.95 (− 0.52, 2.42) letters versus fixed dosing; p < 0.0001 for both non-inferiority tests [4-letter margin]). The IVT-AFL safety profile was consistent with previous studies. Conclusion: The treatment burden associated with intravitreal injections for DME is lowest with T&E regimens, but there are a range of flexible IVT-AFL dosing regimens, allowing physicians to adopt an individualized treatment plan. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02818998. © 2022, The Author(s).

Dosing Regimens of Intravitreal Aflibercept for Diabetic Macular Edema Beyond the First Year: VIOLET, a Prospective Randomized Trial

Massimo Nicolo;
2022

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose was to compare two flexible regimens of intravitreal aflibercept (IVT-AFL) with fixed dosing every 8 weeks, beyond the first year of treatment, in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME). VIOLET was a 100-week, randomized, Phase IIIb, non-inferiority study in patients with center-involving DME previously treated with IVT-AFL for ≥ 1 year according to the European label. Methods: Patients received an initial dose of IVT-AFL at study baseline and were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to treat-and-extend (T&E), pro re nata (PRN), or fixed regimens. The primary endpoint was mean change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) from baseline (randomization) to Week 52. Results: Full analysis set comprised 458 patients (baseline mean BCVA: 72.5, 71.0, and 72.7 letters in the T&E, PRN, and fixed-dose groups, respectively). Patients received a mean (min–max) of 10.0 (2–14; T&E), 11.5 (1–25; PRN), and 12.3 (3–13; fixed) injections over 100 weeks, with 13.3 (4–23), 25.0 (3–29), and 16.1 (5–25) clinic visits, respectively. At Week 52, mean (± standard deviation) BCVA changes from baseline were + 0.5 ± 6.7 (T&E), + 1.7 ± 6.8 (PRN), and + 0.4 ± 6.7 (fixed-dosing) letters (least squares mean difference [95% confidence interval]: T&E 0.01 [− 1.46, 1.47] and PRN 0.95 (− 0.52, 2.42) letters versus fixed dosing; p < 0.0001 for both non-inferiority tests [4-letter margin]). The IVT-AFL safety profile was consistent with previous studies. Conclusion: The treatment burden associated with intravitreal injections for DME is lowest with T&E regimens, but there are a range of flexible IVT-AFL dosing regimens, allowing physicians to adopt an individualized treatment plan. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02818998. © 2022, The Author(s).
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1093254
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact