Background and purpose: To identify changes in the choroidal thickness (CT) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with and without optic neuritis (ON) using enhanced-depth-imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). Methods: This cross-sectional study included 96 eyes with MS and 28 eyes of healthy controls. All participants underwent an ophthalmologic examination and EDI-OCT scanning (Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering, Germany) to assess the CT and the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness. MS patients were divided into two groups: 1) with and 2) without a history of ON. The CT was evaluated in the fovea and at six horizontal and six vertical points at 500, 1,000, and 1,500 µm from the fovea. Paired t-tests were used to compare the groups, and p-value<0.05 was considered as significant. Results: At all 13 measurements points, the CT was thicker in MS patients than in the healthy controls and was thinner in eyes with ON than in the contralateral eyes, but these differences were not statistically significant. However, the CT was always larger in all points in eyes with a history of ON than in the control eyes. The RNFL was significantly thinner (p<0.05) in both MS and ON eyes than in the control eyes. Conclusions: The CT did not differ between MS and control eyes, but it was significantly larger in patients with a history of ON, in whom the RNFL was thinner. Further studies are necessary to establish the possible role of the choroid in MS.

Choroidal Thickness in Multiple Sclerosis: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

Masala, Alessandro;Mola, Ilaria Di;Cellerino, Maria;Vagge, Aldo;Uccelli, Antonio;Traverso, Carlo E;Iester, Michele
2022

Abstract

Background and purpose: To identify changes in the choroidal thickness (CT) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with and without optic neuritis (ON) using enhanced-depth-imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). Methods: This cross-sectional study included 96 eyes with MS and 28 eyes of healthy controls. All participants underwent an ophthalmologic examination and EDI-OCT scanning (Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering, Germany) to assess the CT and the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness. MS patients were divided into two groups: 1) with and 2) without a history of ON. The CT was evaluated in the fovea and at six horizontal and six vertical points at 500, 1,000, and 1,500 µm from the fovea. Paired t-tests were used to compare the groups, and p-value<0.05 was considered as significant. Results: At all 13 measurements points, the CT was thicker in MS patients than in the healthy controls and was thinner in eyes with ON than in the contralateral eyes, but these differences were not statistically significant. However, the CT was always larger in all points in eyes with a history of ON than in the control eyes. The RNFL was significantly thinner (p<0.05) in both MS and ON eyes than in the control eyes. Conclusions: The CT did not differ between MS and control eyes, but it was significantly larger in patients with a history of ON, in whom the RNFL was thinner. Further studies are necessary to establish the possible role of the choroid in MS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1085284
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