: The phenotypic identification of different NK cell subsets allows more in-depth characterization of KIR repertoire and function, which are of potential interest in KIR and disease association studies. KIR genes are highly polymorphic, but a great homology exists among the various sequences and few monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specifically recognize a single KIR. This is the case of HP-DM1 which was demonstrated by analysis of cell transfectants and epitope mapping to be exclusively KIR2DL1-specific, covering all allotypes identified to date, except for KIR2DL1*022 and *020, and also to react with KIR2DS1*013. Here, we compared in immunofluorescence analyses the staining of HP-DM1 with other available mAbs to precisely identify KIR2DL1+ NK cells in potential donors for αβT/B-depleted haplo-HSCT, with known KIR genotype. HP-DM1 mAb was used in combination with EB6 or 11PB6 (anti-KIR2DL1/S1 and anti-KIR2DL3*005), 143211 (anti-KIR2DL1/S5), and HP-MA4 (anti-KIR2DL1/S1/S3/S5) mAbs, allowing the accurate identification of different KIR+ NK cell subsets. These phenotypic evaluations appeared useful to dissect the expression pattern of various KIR2D in NK cells from KIR2DL3*005+ individuals, particularly if KIR2DS1 is present. HP-DM1 mAb remarkably refined NK cell phenotyping of donors carrying KIR2DS5, either in the centromeric or telomeric region. Functional assays with KIR2DL1+ /S1+ /S5+ NK cells confirmed that only HP-DM1 exclusively reacts with KIR2DL1. Finally, we demonstrated that HP-DM1 mAb blocked KIR2DL1 recognition of C2+ HLA-C. Altogether, the data support that HP-DM1 is a unique reagent valuable for characterizing KIR+ NK cell subsets.

Characterization of KIR+ NK cell subsets with a monoclonal antibody selectively recognizing KIR2DL1 and blocking the specific interaction with HLA-C

Meazza, Raffaella;Falco, Michela;Colomar-Carando, Natalia;Mingari, Maria Cristina;Moretta, Lorenzo;
2022

Abstract

: The phenotypic identification of different NK cell subsets allows more in-depth characterization of KIR repertoire and function, which are of potential interest in KIR and disease association studies. KIR genes are highly polymorphic, but a great homology exists among the various sequences and few monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specifically recognize a single KIR. This is the case of HP-DM1 which was demonstrated by analysis of cell transfectants and epitope mapping to be exclusively KIR2DL1-specific, covering all allotypes identified to date, except for KIR2DL1*022 and *020, and also to react with KIR2DS1*013. Here, we compared in immunofluorescence analyses the staining of HP-DM1 with other available mAbs to precisely identify KIR2DL1+ NK cells in potential donors for αβT/B-depleted haplo-HSCT, with known KIR genotype. HP-DM1 mAb was used in combination with EB6 or 11PB6 (anti-KIR2DL1/S1 and anti-KIR2DL3*005), 143211 (anti-KIR2DL1/S5), and HP-MA4 (anti-KIR2DL1/S1/S3/S5) mAbs, allowing the accurate identification of different KIR+ NK cell subsets. These phenotypic evaluations appeared useful to dissect the expression pattern of various KIR2D in NK cells from KIR2DL3*005+ individuals, particularly if KIR2DS1 is present. HP-DM1 mAb remarkably refined NK cell phenotyping of donors carrying KIR2DS5, either in the centromeric or telomeric region. Functional assays with KIR2DL1+ /S1+ /S5+ NK cells confirmed that only HP-DM1 exclusively reacts with KIR2DL1. Finally, we demonstrated that HP-DM1 mAb blocked KIR2DL1 recognition of C2+ HLA-C. Altogether, the data support that HP-DM1 is a unique reagent valuable for characterizing KIR+ NK cell subsets.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1084387
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact