Background. The redox stress caused by Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL) also involves the peripheral blood mononucleated cells (PBMCs) even before chemotherapy. Here, we tested whether lymphocytes and monocytes show a different response to the increased mitochondrial generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Methods. PBMCs, isolated from the blood of treatment‐naïve HL patients and control subjects, underwent assessment of malondialdehyde content and enzymatic activity of both hexose‐ and glucose‐6P dehydrogenase (H6PD and G6PD) as well as flow cytometric analysis of mitochondrial ROS content. These data were complemented by evaluating the uptake of the fluorescent glucose analogue 2‐NBDG that is selectively stored within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Results. Malondialdehyde content was increased in the whole population of HL PBMCs. The oxidative damage matched an increased activity of G6PD, and even more of H6PD, that trigger the cytosolic and ER pentose phosphate pathways, respectively. At flow cytometry, the number of recovered viable cells was selectively decreased in HL lymphocytes that also showed a more pronounced increase in mitochondrial ROS generation and 2‐NBDG uptake, with respect to monocytes. Conclusions. PBMCs of HL patients display a selective mitochondrial and ER redox stress most evident in lymphocytes already before the exposure to chemotherapy toxicity.

Mitochondrial Generated Redox Stress Differently Affects the Endoplasmic Reticulum of Circulating Lymphocytes and Monocytes in Treatment‐Naïve Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

Marini C.;Cossu V.;Bauckneht M.;Lanfranchi F.;D'amico F.;Ravera S.;Ghiggi C.;Ballerini F.;Durando P.;Chiesa S.;Miceli A.;Donegani M. I.;Morbelli S.;Bruno S.;Sambuceti G.
2022

Abstract

Background. The redox stress caused by Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL) also involves the peripheral blood mononucleated cells (PBMCs) even before chemotherapy. Here, we tested whether lymphocytes and monocytes show a different response to the increased mitochondrial generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Methods. PBMCs, isolated from the blood of treatment‐naïve HL patients and control subjects, underwent assessment of malondialdehyde content and enzymatic activity of both hexose‐ and glucose‐6P dehydrogenase (H6PD and G6PD) as well as flow cytometric analysis of mitochondrial ROS content. These data were complemented by evaluating the uptake of the fluorescent glucose analogue 2‐NBDG that is selectively stored within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Results. Malondialdehyde content was increased in the whole population of HL PBMCs. The oxidative damage matched an increased activity of G6PD, and even more of H6PD, that trigger the cytosolic and ER pentose phosphate pathways, respectively. At flow cytometry, the number of recovered viable cells was selectively decreased in HL lymphocytes that also showed a more pronounced increase in mitochondrial ROS generation and 2‐NBDG uptake, with respect to monocytes. Conclusions. PBMCs of HL patients display a selective mitochondrial and ER redox stress most evident in lymphocytes already before the exposure to chemotherapy toxicity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1083321
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