Great improvement has been made in the diagnosis and therapy of breast cancer patients. However, the identification of biomarkers for early diagnosis, prognosis, therapy assessment and monitoring, including drug resistance and the early detection of micro-metastases, is still lacking. Recently, circulating microRNAs (miRNAs), circulating freely in the blood stream or entrapped in extracellular vesicles (EVs), have been shown to have a potential diagnostic, prognostic or predictive power. In this review, recent findings are summarized, both at a preclinical and clinical level, related to miRNA applicability in the context of breast cancer. Different aspects, including clinical and technical challenges, are discussed, describing the potentialities of miRNA use in breast cancer. Even though more methodological standardized studies conducted in larger and selected patient cohorts are needed to support the effective clinical utility of miRNA as biomarkers, they could represent novel and accessible tools to be transferred into clinical practice.

Circulating miRNAs in Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Prognosis

Tasso R.;Ciferri M. C.;Quarto R.;Del Mastro L.
2022

Abstract

Great improvement has been made in the diagnosis and therapy of breast cancer patients. However, the identification of biomarkers for early diagnosis, prognosis, therapy assessment and monitoring, including drug resistance and the early detection of micro-metastases, is still lacking. Recently, circulating microRNAs (miRNAs), circulating freely in the blood stream or entrapped in extracellular vesicles (EVs), have been shown to have a potential diagnostic, prognostic or predictive power. In this review, recent findings are summarized, both at a preclinical and clinical level, related to miRNA applicability in the context of breast cancer. Different aspects, including clinical and technical challenges, are discussed, describing the potentialities of miRNA use in breast cancer. Even though more methodological standardized studies conducted in larger and selected patient cohorts are needed to support the effective clinical utility of miRNA as biomarkers, they could represent novel and accessible tools to be transferred into clinical practice.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1082986
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