Microcystic/reticular (MRV) schwannoma has been described since 2008, but remains a rarely encountered entity. MRV has a predilection for visceral locations and has variable histologic appareances. Given its rarity and anatomic variability, this entity could raise differential diagnostic issues with other tumours and malignancies. : We describe the case of a 69-year-old male followed at IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino of Genoa for his previous history of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. A para-aortic mass was discovered during follow-up, which -due to its stability, also after chemotherapy- had been hypothesized to be a non-lymphomatous lesion; given the dimensions and the site, the mass was removed. Histological evaluation showed a nodule limited by a slight fibrous capsule and characterized by a proliferation of medium-sized fusiform cells, with elongated nuclei and scarce eosinophilic cytoplasm. Given the lack of malignant signs and the strong expression of protein S-100, a diagnosis of mesenchymal neoplasia with expression of neural markers compatible with reticular schwannoma was made. The neoplasm has not recurred since its removal. : The case we present is, at our best knowledge, the first described in the retroperitoneum, a site where the exclusion of other mesenchymal malignancies is mandatory. The rarity and variability of presentations could create problems of differential diagnosis both with mucinous-producing carcinomas or with other soft tissue tumours, with myxoid or reticular structure. The description of this case could help raise information on this rare neoplasm and help distinguish it from other malignancies, especially in unusual sites.

A microcystic/reticular schwannoma in an unusual site: description of a retroperitoneal location and review of the literature

Vellone, Valerio Gaetano;Gaggero, Gabriele
2022

Abstract

Microcystic/reticular (MRV) schwannoma has been described since 2008, but remains a rarely encountered entity. MRV has a predilection for visceral locations and has variable histologic appareances. Given its rarity and anatomic variability, this entity could raise differential diagnostic issues with other tumours and malignancies. : We describe the case of a 69-year-old male followed at IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino of Genoa for his previous history of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. A para-aortic mass was discovered during follow-up, which -due to its stability, also after chemotherapy- had been hypothesized to be a non-lymphomatous lesion; given the dimensions and the site, the mass was removed. Histological evaluation showed a nodule limited by a slight fibrous capsule and characterized by a proliferation of medium-sized fusiform cells, with elongated nuclei and scarce eosinophilic cytoplasm. Given the lack of malignant signs and the strong expression of protein S-100, a diagnosis of mesenchymal neoplasia with expression of neural markers compatible with reticular schwannoma was made. The neoplasm has not recurred since its removal. : The case we present is, at our best knowledge, the first described in the retroperitoneum, a site where the exclusion of other mesenchymal malignancies is mandatory. The rarity and variability of presentations could create problems of differential diagnosis both with mucinous-producing carcinomas or with other soft tissue tumours, with myxoid or reticular structure. The description of this case could help raise information on this rare neoplasm and help distinguish it from other malignancies, especially in unusual sites.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1081596
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