Aim To evaluate low back pain (LBP) incidence and impact throughout pregnancy in terms of women's well-being and delivery outcomes.Material and methods Cross-sectional prospective study conducted on singleton pregnancies at >= 37th gestational age admitted for delivery. Localization of LBP, intensity and frequency as well as derived functional disability status were assessed with a self-reported questionnaire. Main delivery outcomes including mode of delivery, and maternal or neonatal complications were recorded.Results A total of 229 women participated in the study. LBP prevalence amounted to 55.9%, with the pain already present before pregnancy in 14.0% of the cases. The pain was mostly localized in the lower back (40.6%), symphysis (23.3%), and coccyx (20.5%). Both the frequency and intensity of pain gradually increased significantly during pregnancy, reaching 20 days/month (IQR=10-30) and 6/10 points (IQR=5-8) on a visual analog scale in the 3rd trimester (p<0.05). The extent of functional impairment also progressively increased up to 39/100 points (IQR=25-55, p<0.05). Women affected by LBP during pregnancy had a higher cesarean section rate during labor than women without LBP (11.9% vs. 28.9%, p<0.05). The risk was also significant in the multivariate analysis (OR=4.0, 95%CI=1.1-15.0, p<0.05). There was no difference in the rate of operative vaginal births or in the other outcomes considered.Conclusions LBP is a common issue in pregnant women, accounting for increasing morbidity and invalidity, and leading to an increased cesarean section risk during labor.

Low Back Pain during Pregnancy and Delivery Outcomes

Londero, Ambrogio P;
2022

Abstract

Aim To evaluate low back pain (LBP) incidence and impact throughout pregnancy in terms of women's well-being and delivery outcomes.Material and methods Cross-sectional prospective study conducted on singleton pregnancies at >= 37th gestational age admitted for delivery. Localization of LBP, intensity and frequency as well as derived functional disability status were assessed with a self-reported questionnaire. Main delivery outcomes including mode of delivery, and maternal or neonatal complications were recorded.Results A total of 229 women participated in the study. LBP prevalence amounted to 55.9%, with the pain already present before pregnancy in 14.0% of the cases. The pain was mostly localized in the lower back (40.6%), symphysis (23.3%), and coccyx (20.5%). Both the frequency and intensity of pain gradually increased significantly during pregnancy, reaching 20 days/month (IQR=10-30) and 6/10 points (IQR=5-8) on a visual analog scale in the 3rd trimester (p<0.05). The extent of functional impairment also progressively increased up to 39/100 points (IQR=25-55, p<0.05). Women affected by LBP during pregnancy had a higher cesarean section rate during labor than women without LBP (11.9% vs. 28.9%, p<0.05). The risk was also significant in the multivariate analysis (OR=4.0, 95%CI=1.1-15.0, p<0.05). There was no difference in the rate of operative vaginal births or in the other outcomes considered.Conclusions LBP is a common issue in pregnant women, accounting for increasing morbidity and invalidity, and leading to an increased cesarean section risk during labor.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1081040
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