Objective: Accelerated placental maturation is regarded as a sign of vascular malperfusion and is often interpreted as a compensatory response by the placenta. In vitro embryo culture affects placental development. This study assessed placental maturation in spontaneous conceived and in vitro conceived pregnancies. Methods: Retrospective cohort study on a single center between 2014 and 2017. For this study, preterm placentas of singleton pregnancies between 24 and 36 weeks were considered. Routine placental examinations were retrospectively reviewed. Results: During the considered period, 423 placentas of singleton pregnancies were assessed. Three hundred ninety-six placentas were from spontaneous conception and 20 from in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF/ET). IVF/ET was significantly associated with accelerated villous maturation (AVM) and distal villous hypoplasia (DVH) (P<0.05). Conclusions: Placental AVM and DVH were significantly associated with in vitro fertilization in singleton pregnancies. This result supports the hypothesis that AVM is a compensatory response by the placenta to improve its transport capacity in specific settings such as in vitro fertilization.

In vitro fertilization is associated with placental accelerated villous maturation

Londero, Ambrogio P;
2021

Abstract

Objective: Accelerated placental maturation is regarded as a sign of vascular malperfusion and is often interpreted as a compensatory response by the placenta. In vitro embryo culture affects placental development. This study assessed placental maturation in spontaneous conceived and in vitro conceived pregnancies. Methods: Retrospective cohort study on a single center between 2014 and 2017. For this study, preterm placentas of singleton pregnancies between 24 and 36 weeks were considered. Routine placental examinations were retrospectively reviewed. Results: During the considered period, 423 placentas of singleton pregnancies were assessed. Three hundred ninety-six placentas were from spontaneous conception and 20 from in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF/ET). IVF/ET was significantly associated with accelerated villous maturation (AVM) and distal villous hypoplasia (DVH) (P<0.05). Conclusions: Placental AVM and DVH were significantly associated with in vitro fertilization in singleton pregnancies. This result supports the hypothesis that AVM is a compensatory response by the placenta to improve its transport capacity in specific settings such as in vitro fertilization.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1081038
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