Layered doubled hydroxides (LDHs) are known to be an interesting class of 2D layered materials, with a wide range of possible composition and a flexible structure suitable for topochemical reactions. Thus, LDHs have been applying in different fields, such as catalysis, energy storage and all the applications in which a high exchange capability (of both cations and anions) is required. For remediation purpose, a MgFe-Cl LDH [(Mg0.662+Fe0.333+(OH)2]0.33+(Cl0.33-)0.33- (MFC in the following) could be a promising candidate to capture the toxic CrO42− from water, in exchange with the Cl− in an efficient way. The synthesis of this compound might seem simple, consisting of a coprecipitation reaction, and actually, it is strongly affected by the environmental carbon dioxide able to replace the Cl− with the more stable CO32−. To avoid this problem, LDHs could be also prepared with a rehydration of their calcinated oxide (memory effect). In this work were prepared two samples of MFC: one via coprecipitation (MFC-1 in the following) and one via “memory effect” (MFC-mem in the following). Both the compounds were characterized by means of X-ray powder diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and differential thermal analysis-thermogravimetry (DTA-TG) coupled with evolved gas analysis. The results demonstrated that the synthesis of pure MFC is very difficult, and only a minimum contamination of carbon dioxide led to the formation of the carbonate LDH in a massive way. It was also demonstrated that Mg-Fe LDHs in the presence of carbonate could catalyse the formation of the formic acid (HCOOH) at low temperature (< 300 °C).

Thermal analysis of MgFe-Cl Layered doubled hydroxide (LDH) directly synthetized and produced “via memory effect”

Cardinale A. M.;Fortunato M.;Locardi F.;Parodi N.
2022

Abstract

Layered doubled hydroxides (LDHs) are known to be an interesting class of 2D layered materials, with a wide range of possible composition and a flexible structure suitable for topochemical reactions. Thus, LDHs have been applying in different fields, such as catalysis, energy storage and all the applications in which a high exchange capability (of both cations and anions) is required. For remediation purpose, a MgFe-Cl LDH [(Mg0.662+Fe0.333+(OH)2]0.33+(Cl0.33-)0.33- (MFC in the following) could be a promising candidate to capture the toxic CrO42− from water, in exchange with the Cl− in an efficient way. The synthesis of this compound might seem simple, consisting of a coprecipitation reaction, and actually, it is strongly affected by the environmental carbon dioxide able to replace the Cl− with the more stable CO32−. To avoid this problem, LDHs could be also prepared with a rehydration of their calcinated oxide (memory effect). In this work were prepared two samples of MFC: one via coprecipitation (MFC-1 in the following) and one via “memory effect” (MFC-mem in the following). Both the compounds were characterized by means of X-ray powder diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and differential thermal analysis-thermogravimetry (DTA-TG) coupled with evolved gas analysis. The results demonstrated that the synthesis of pure MFC is very difficult, and only a minimum contamination of carbon dioxide led to the formation of the carbonate LDH in a massive way. It was also demonstrated that Mg-Fe LDHs in the presence of carbonate could catalyse the formation of the formic acid (HCOOH) at low temperature (< 300 °C).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1080836
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