The study aims to estimate the maximum dynamic response of linear elastic SDOF systems subjected to thunderstorm outflows. Starting from a recently developed Evolutionary Power Spectral Density (EPSD) model for the wind velocity, the dynamic response is decomposed into a time-varying mean and a non-stationary random fluctuation. The EPSD and the Non-Geometrical Spectral Moments (NGSMs) of the random fluctuation are derived both accounting and neglecting the transient dynamics due to the modulating function of the load. The mean value of the maximum nonstationary fluctuating component of the response is estimated based on the definition of an equivalent stationary process following an approach proposed in the literature. In order to mitigate the overestimations of the maximum dynamic response due to the Poisson approximation, analogously to the formulation developed by Der Kiureghian for withe noise excitation, an equivalent expected frequency is introduced for thunderstorm excitation. Finally, the maximum dynamic response to thunderstorms is estimated as the sum of the maximum mean and fluctuating parts and a numerical validation of the results against real recorded thunderstorms is provided, highlighting the reliability of adding up the mean and fluctuating contributions and the advantages and limits of neglecting the transient dynamics.

Maximum dynamic response of linear elastic SDOF systems based on an evolutionary spectral model for thunderstorm outflows

Roncallo L.;Tubino F.
2022

Abstract

The study aims to estimate the maximum dynamic response of linear elastic SDOF systems subjected to thunderstorm outflows. Starting from a recently developed Evolutionary Power Spectral Density (EPSD) model for the wind velocity, the dynamic response is decomposed into a time-varying mean and a non-stationary random fluctuation. The EPSD and the Non-Geometrical Spectral Moments (NGSMs) of the random fluctuation are derived both accounting and neglecting the transient dynamics due to the modulating function of the load. The mean value of the maximum nonstationary fluctuating component of the response is estimated based on the definition of an equivalent stationary process following an approach proposed in the literature. In order to mitigate the overestimations of the maximum dynamic response due to the Poisson approximation, analogously to the formulation developed by Der Kiureghian for withe noise excitation, an equivalent expected frequency is introduced for thunderstorm excitation. Finally, the maximum dynamic response to thunderstorms is estimated as the sum of the maximum mean and fluctuating parts and a numerical validation of the results against real recorded thunderstorms is provided, highlighting the reliability of adding up the mean and fluctuating contributions and the advantages and limits of neglecting the transient dynamics.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1079716
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