BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the longitudinal dynamic of lymphocyte subsets during treatment with ocrelizumab (OCR) in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study was conducted in 161 PwMS starting treatment with OCR grouped in naive (naive, n = 40), switching from fingolimod (FTY, n = 52), and switching from other immunomodulating drugs (other, n = 69). Mean lymphocyte subset (total, CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD20+, and natural killer) counts were analyzed at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. Rate of lymphocytopenia for each subset was calculated at all time points in all groups. RESULTS: Mean total, CD3+, and CD4+ counts were significantly different among groups (p < 0.001) at all time points, whereas CD8+ and CD20+ counts only at baseline (p = 0.0157; p < 0.001), consistently lower in FTY. After adjustment for baseline values, interaction time*group was not statistically significant (p > 0.05 for each subset). The odds of lymphopenia were significantly higher among FTY patients compared with naive for total, CD3+, CD4+, and CD20+ cells at baseline, for total and CD4+ cells at the sixth month, and for total cells at the 12th month. DISCUSSION: OCR per se exerts a modest depleting effect on T cells that seems rather due to a carryover phenomenon of previous therapies, particularly FTY. These data may help in the overall evaluation of the risk/benefit profile of treatment sequencing.

Influence of Previous Disease-Modifying Drug Exposure on T-Lymphocyte Dynamic in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis Treated With Ocrelizumab

Bovis F.;Ponzano M.;Cellerino M.;Inglese M.;
2022

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the longitudinal dynamic of lymphocyte subsets during treatment with ocrelizumab (OCR) in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study was conducted in 161 PwMS starting treatment with OCR grouped in naive (naive, n = 40), switching from fingolimod (FTY, n = 52), and switching from other immunomodulating drugs (other, n = 69). Mean lymphocyte subset (total, CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD20+, and natural killer) counts were analyzed at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. Rate of lymphocytopenia for each subset was calculated at all time points in all groups. RESULTS: Mean total, CD3+, and CD4+ counts were significantly different among groups (p < 0.001) at all time points, whereas CD8+ and CD20+ counts only at baseline (p = 0.0157; p < 0.001), consistently lower in FTY. After adjustment for baseline values, interaction time*group was not statistically significant (p > 0.05 for each subset). The odds of lymphopenia were significantly higher among FTY patients compared with naive for total, CD3+, CD4+, and CD20+ cells at baseline, for total and CD4+ cells at the sixth month, and for total cells at the 12th month. DISCUSSION: OCR per se exerts a modest depleting effect on T cells that seems rather due to a carryover phenomenon of previous therapies, particularly FTY. These data may help in the overall evaluation of the risk/benefit profile of treatment sequencing.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1078844
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact