The CO2 photoreduction is a promising way to convert one of the most abundant greenhouse gases to valuable chemicals. The photoreduction in the liquid phase is limited by the low solubility of CO2 in water, but this point is overcome here by using an innovative photoreactor, which allows one to work up to pressures of 20 bar, improving the overall productivity. The photoreduction was performed in the presence of Na2SO3 and using in primis commercial titanium dioxide (P25) and a set of titania catalysts functionalized by surface deposition of either monometallic or bimetallic cocatalysts. The gaseous products were hydrogen and traces of CO, while, in the liquid phase, formic acid/formate, formaldehyde and methanol were quantitatively detected. The pH was observed to shift the products distribution. A neutral environment led mainly to hydrogen and methanol, while, at pH 14, formate was the most abundant compound. The trend for monometallic cocatalysts showed enhanced productivity when using noble metals (i.e., gold and platinum). In order to limit the cost of the catalytic material, bimetallic cocatalysts were explored, adding titania with Au+Ag or Au+Pt. This may open to the possibility of performing the reaction with a smaller amount of the most expensive metals. In the end, we have expressed some conclusions on the cost of the photocatalysts here employed, to support the overall feasibility assessment of the process.

Effect of Metal Cocatalysts and Operating Conditions on the Product Distribution and the Productivity of the CO2 Photoreduction

Ramis G.;
2022

Abstract

The CO2 photoreduction is a promising way to convert one of the most abundant greenhouse gases to valuable chemicals. The photoreduction in the liquid phase is limited by the low solubility of CO2 in water, but this point is overcome here by using an innovative photoreactor, which allows one to work up to pressures of 20 bar, improving the overall productivity. The photoreduction was performed in the presence of Na2SO3 and using in primis commercial titanium dioxide (P25) and a set of titania catalysts functionalized by surface deposition of either monometallic or bimetallic cocatalysts. The gaseous products were hydrogen and traces of CO, while, in the liquid phase, formic acid/formate, formaldehyde and methanol were quantitatively detected. The pH was observed to shift the products distribution. A neutral environment led mainly to hydrogen and methanol, while, at pH 14, formate was the most abundant compound. The trend for monometallic cocatalysts showed enhanced productivity when using noble metals (i.e., gold and platinum). In order to limit the cost of the catalytic material, bimetallic cocatalysts were explored, adding titania with Au+Ag or Au+Pt. This may open to the possibility of performing the reaction with a smaller amount of the most expensive metals. In the end, we have expressed some conclusions on the cost of the photocatalysts here employed, to support the overall feasibility assessment of the process.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1078496
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