The time-dependent spectral characteristics of underwater sound radiated by an oceanic vessel have complex dependencies on ship machinery, propeller dynamics, and the hydrodynamics of the ship exhaust and motion, as well as onboard activities. Here, the underwater sound radiated by a ship equipped with a controllable pitch propeller (CPP) is analyzed and quantified via its (i) power spectral density for signal energetics, (ii) temporal coherence for machinery tonal sound, and (iii) spectral coherence for propeller amplitude-modulated cavitation noise. Frequency-modulated (FM) tonal signals are also characterized in terms of their frequency variations. These characteristics are compared for different propeller pitch ratios, ranging from 20% to 82% at a fixed number of propeller revolutions per minute (RPM). The efficacy and robustness of ship parameter estimation at different pitches are discussed. Finally, an analysis of one special measurement is provided: propeller pitch and RPM over the duration of the measurement when the ship changes speed. The 50% pitch was found to be a crucial point for this ship, around which the tonal characteristics of its underwater radiated sound attain their peak values while broadband sound and associated spectral coherences are at a minimum. The findings here elucidate the effects of pitch variation on underwater sound radiated by ships with controllable pitch propellers and has applications in ship design and underwater noise mitigation.

Underwater Sound Characteristics of a Ship with Controllable Pitch Propeller

Gaggero T.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The time-dependent spectral characteristics of underwater sound radiated by an oceanic vessel have complex dependencies on ship machinery, propeller dynamics, and the hydrodynamics of the ship exhaust and motion, as well as onboard activities. Here, the underwater sound radiated by a ship equipped with a controllable pitch propeller (CPP) is analyzed and quantified via its (i) power spectral density for signal energetics, (ii) temporal coherence for machinery tonal sound, and (iii) spectral coherence for propeller amplitude-modulated cavitation noise. Frequency-modulated (FM) tonal signals are also characterized in terms of their frequency variations. These characteristics are compared for different propeller pitch ratios, ranging from 20% to 82% at a fixed number of propeller revolutions per minute (RPM). The efficacy and robustness of ship parameter estimation at different pitches are discussed. Finally, an analysis of one special measurement is provided: propeller pitch and RPM over the duration of the measurement when the ship changes speed. The 50% pitch was found to be a crucial point for this ship, around which the tonal characteristics of its underwater radiated sound attain their peak values while broadband sound and associated spectral coherences are at a minimum. The findings here elucidate the effects of pitch variation on underwater sound radiated by ships with controllable pitch propellers and has applications in ship design and underwater noise mitigation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1077062
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