The diffusion of seismic structural health monitoring systems, evaluating the dynamic response of engineering structures to earthquakes, is growing significantly among strategic buildings. The increasing availability of valuable vibration data is being backed by continuously evolving techniques for analysing and assessing structural health and damage. Within this framework, the paper proposes a novel model-driven vibration-based methodology to support the assessment of the damage level in masonry buildings hit by earthquakes. The leading idea is to exploit, in the pre-event phase, synthetic equivalent-frame modelling and nonlinear dynamic analyses to systematically relate the gradual reduction of natural frequencies to increasing levels of structural damage. The resulting behavioural chart (seismic chart) of the building, constructed by employing computational tools and robustly defined on a statistical base, may provide the theoretical expectation to ascertain a certain level of seismic damage, based on the decrease in vibration frequency experimentally identified in the post-event phase. The methodology is firstly formalized, integrating common identification techniques with a novel damage grade estimation procedure, and finally exemplified for a monitored strategic masonry building damaged by the 2016–2017 Central Italy earthquake sequence. The outcomes of this application confirm the operational validity of the methodology, which can be intended as effective support for the decision-making process regarding structural usability and safety in the post-earthquake scenario.

A methodological framework to relate the earthquake-induced frequency reduction to structural damage in masonry buildings

Sivori D.;Cattari S.;Lepidi M.
2022-01-01

Abstract

The diffusion of seismic structural health monitoring systems, evaluating the dynamic response of engineering structures to earthquakes, is growing significantly among strategic buildings. The increasing availability of valuable vibration data is being backed by continuously evolving techniques for analysing and assessing structural health and damage. Within this framework, the paper proposes a novel model-driven vibration-based methodology to support the assessment of the damage level in masonry buildings hit by earthquakes. The leading idea is to exploit, in the pre-event phase, synthetic equivalent-frame modelling and nonlinear dynamic analyses to systematically relate the gradual reduction of natural frequencies to increasing levels of structural damage. The resulting behavioural chart (seismic chart) of the building, constructed by employing computational tools and robustly defined on a statistical base, may provide the theoretical expectation to ascertain a certain level of seismic damage, based on the decrease in vibration frequency experimentally identified in the post-event phase. The methodology is firstly formalized, integrating common identification techniques with a novel damage grade estimation procedure, and finally exemplified for a monitored strategic masonry building damaged by the 2016–2017 Central Italy earthquake sequence. The outcomes of this application confirm the operational validity of the methodology, which can be intended as effective support for the decision-making process regarding structural usability and safety in the post-earthquake scenario.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1074794
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