Intraocular liquids tamponade agents, such as perfluorocarbon liquids (PFCLs), semifluorinated alkanes (SFAs), silicone oils (SOs) and heavy silicone oils (HSOs), are a crucial intraoperative and/or postoperative tool in vitreoretinal surgery, in particular for the management of complex vitreoretinal diseases. However, their use is not without complications, which are potentially severe. Consequently, a growing interest has been devoted to the biocompatibility of these compounds and the adequacy of current regulations that should guarantee their safety. Obviously, an updated knowledge on research findings and potential risks associated to the use of intraocular liquid compounds is essential, not only for vitreoretinal surgeons, but also for any ophthalmologist involved in the management of patients receiving intraocular liquid tamponades. In light of this, the review provides a comprehensive characterisation of intraocular liquid tamponades, in terms of physical and chemical properties, current clinical use and possible complications. Moreover, this review focuses on the safety profile of these compounds, summarising the existing regulation and the available evidence on their biocompatibility.

Biocompatibility of intraocular liquid tamponade agents: an update

Nepita I.;Liggieri L.;Repetto R.
2021

Abstract

Intraocular liquids tamponade agents, such as perfluorocarbon liquids (PFCLs), semifluorinated alkanes (SFAs), silicone oils (SOs) and heavy silicone oils (HSOs), are a crucial intraoperative and/or postoperative tool in vitreoretinal surgery, in particular for the management of complex vitreoretinal diseases. However, their use is not without complications, which are potentially severe. Consequently, a growing interest has been devoted to the biocompatibility of these compounds and the adequacy of current regulations that should guarantee their safety. Obviously, an updated knowledge on research findings and potential risks associated to the use of intraocular liquid compounds is essential, not only for vitreoretinal surgeons, but also for any ophthalmologist involved in the management of patients receiving intraocular liquid tamponades. In light of this, the review provides a comprehensive characterisation of intraocular liquid tamponades, in terms of physical and chemical properties, current clinical use and possible complications. Moreover, this review focuses on the safety profile of these compounds, summarising the existing regulation and the available evidence on their biocompatibility.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1073743
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