Membranous nephropathy (MN) is one of the most common causes of adult-onset nephrotic syndrome. We describe the cases of 2 young women in their 20s presenting with nephrotic syndrome due to antiphospholipase A2 receptor (anti-PLA2R)–negative MN, that was found to be associated with benign tumors. Both women had no extrarenal symptoms of a connective tissue disease, infection, or malignancy. They both had been previously healthy and were not receiving treatment with any drugs. Both had MN on kidney biopsy. Biopsies were negative for PLA2R antigen, and their serum did not demonstrate the presence of anti-PLA2R antibodies. Both were investigated for a secondary cause on the basis of negative anti-PLA2R serology and biopsy features supportive of secondary MN and were found to have benign tumors on radioimaging: a uterine leiomyoma and mesenteric fibromatosis, respectively. In both instances, the nephrotic syndrome remitted following resection of the tumors. To our knowledge, uterine leiomyoma and mesenteric fibromatosis have not previously been described in association with MN. These cases highlight the importance of pursuing a secondary cause of MN in patients without anti- PLA2R antibodies in serum or PLA2R antigen on kidney biopsy.

Secondary Membranous Nephropathy Due to Benign Tumors in 2 Young Women: A Case Report

Giacomo Garibotto;Daniela Verzola;Gabriele Gaggero;
2021

Abstract

Membranous nephropathy (MN) is one of the most common causes of adult-onset nephrotic syndrome. We describe the cases of 2 young women in their 20s presenting with nephrotic syndrome due to antiphospholipase A2 receptor (anti-PLA2R)–negative MN, that was found to be associated with benign tumors. Both women had no extrarenal symptoms of a connective tissue disease, infection, or malignancy. They both had been previously healthy and were not receiving treatment with any drugs. Both had MN on kidney biopsy. Biopsies were negative for PLA2R antigen, and their serum did not demonstrate the presence of anti-PLA2R antibodies. Both were investigated for a secondary cause on the basis of negative anti-PLA2R serology and biopsy features supportive of secondary MN and were found to have benign tumors on radioimaging: a uterine leiomyoma and mesenteric fibromatosis, respectively. In both instances, the nephrotic syndrome remitted following resection of the tumors. To our knowledge, uterine leiomyoma and mesenteric fibromatosis have not previously been described in association with MN. These cases highlight the importance of pursuing a secondary cause of MN in patients without anti- PLA2R antibodies in serum or PLA2R antigen on kidney biopsy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1073498
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