Background: Non-Aspergillus mould infections such as those caused by Scedosporium apiospermum or Lomentospora prolificans are an emerging threat. Few studies have monitored their long-term incidence. Objectives: To analyse the epidemiology, risk factors, clinical features and incidence of patients with proven and probable infections. Patients/Methods: Patients admitted to Gregorio Marañón Hospital between 1998 and 2017 and from whom Scedosporium/Lomentospora was isolated were studied. Subjects were classified as having a probable/proven invasive fungal infection or colonization. Molecular identification and antifungal susceptibility testing of isolates causing infection were performed, as well as a description of the patients and incidence of infection. Results: One or more Scedosporium/Lomentospora isolates were identified in 67 patients. Sixteen (23.9%) patients had developed infection: 11 scedosporiosis and 5 lomentosporiosis. Stable incidence was observed throughout the study period. Most patients were immunosuppressed and the most common underlying diseases were haematologic malignancy (25%), solid organ transplantation (25%) and chronic corticoid therapy (25%). Breakthrough infection occurred in four patients, 2/11 (18.2%) cases of scedosporiosis and 2/5 (40%) of lomentosporiosis. Overall mortality was 54.5% (6/11) and 80% (4/5) in subjects with scedosporiosis and lomentosporiosis, respectively. High MICs of amphotericin B and remarkable inter-species susceptibility variability to triazoles was observed for most isolates. Conclusions: In contrast to previous studies, the incidence of scedosporiosis and lomentosporiosis has not increased at our hospital over the years. The tendency to cause disseminated infection and a reduced susceptibility to most antifungal agents leads to high mortality.

Invasive Scedosporium and Lomentosora infections in the era of antifungal prophylaxis: A 20-year experience from a single centre in Spain

Vena A.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: Non-Aspergillus mould infections such as those caused by Scedosporium apiospermum or Lomentospora prolificans are an emerging threat. Few studies have monitored their long-term incidence. Objectives: To analyse the epidemiology, risk factors, clinical features and incidence of patients with proven and probable infections. Patients/Methods: Patients admitted to Gregorio Marañón Hospital between 1998 and 2017 and from whom Scedosporium/Lomentospora was isolated were studied. Subjects were classified as having a probable/proven invasive fungal infection or colonization. Molecular identification and antifungal susceptibility testing of isolates causing infection were performed, as well as a description of the patients and incidence of infection. Results: One or more Scedosporium/Lomentospora isolates were identified in 67 patients. Sixteen (23.9%) patients had developed infection: 11 scedosporiosis and 5 lomentosporiosis. Stable incidence was observed throughout the study period. Most patients were immunosuppressed and the most common underlying diseases were haematologic malignancy (25%), solid organ transplantation (25%) and chronic corticoid therapy (25%). Breakthrough infection occurred in four patients, 2/11 (18.2%) cases of scedosporiosis and 2/5 (40%) of lomentosporiosis. Overall mortality was 54.5% (6/11) and 80% (4/5) in subjects with scedosporiosis and lomentosporiosis, respectively. High MICs of amphotericin B and remarkable inter-species susceptibility variability to triazoles was observed for most isolates. Conclusions: In contrast to previous studies, the incidence of scedosporiosis and lomentosporiosis has not increased at our hospital over the years. The tendency to cause disseminated infection and a reduced susceptibility to most antifungal agents leads to high mortality.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1073425
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact