We compute the acceleration of the Local Group using 11 206 IRAS galaxies from the recently completed all-sky PSCz redshift survey. Measuring the acceleration vector in redshift space generates systematic uncertainties caused by the redshift-space distortions in the density field. We therefore assign galaxies to their real-space positions by adopting a non-parametric model for the velocity field that relies solely on the linear gravitational instability (GI) and linear biasing hypotheses. Remaining systematic contributions to the measured acceleration vector are corrected for by using PSCz mock catalogues from N-body experiments. The resulting acceleration vector points similar to 15 degrees away from the CMB dipole apex, with a remarkable alignment between small- and large-scale contributions. A considerable fraction (similar to 65 per cent) of the measured acceleration is generated within 40 h(-1) Mpc, with a nonnegligible contribution from scales between 90 and 140 h(-1) Mpc, after which the acceleration amplitude seems to have converged. The local group acceleration from PSCz appears to be consistent with the one determined from the IRAS 1.2-Jy galaxy catalogue once the different contributions from shot noise have been taken into account. The results are consistent with the gravitational instability hypothesis and do not indicate any strong deviations from the linear biasing relation on large scales. A maximum-likelihood analysis of the cumulative PSCz dipole is performed within a radius of 150 h(-1) Mpc, in which we account for non-linear effects, shot noise and finite sample size. The aim is to constrain the beta = Omega(0.6)/b parameter and the power spectrum of density fluctuations. We obtain beta = 0.70(-0.2)(+0.35) at 1 sigma confidence level. The likelihood analysis is not very sensitive to the shape of the power spectrum, because of the rise in the amplitude of the dipole beyond 40 h(-1) Mpc and the increase in shot noise on large scales. There is, however, a weak indication that within the framework of cold dark matter (CDM) models the observed Local Group acceleration implies some excess power on large scales.

Likelihood analysis of the Local Group acceleration

BRANCHINI, ENZO FRANCO;
1999

Abstract

We compute the acceleration of the Local Group using 11 206 IRAS galaxies from the recently completed all-sky PSCz redshift survey. Measuring the acceleration vector in redshift space generates systematic uncertainties caused by the redshift-space distortions in the density field. We therefore assign galaxies to their real-space positions by adopting a non-parametric model for the velocity field that relies solely on the linear gravitational instability (GI) and linear biasing hypotheses. Remaining systematic contributions to the measured acceleration vector are corrected for by using PSCz mock catalogues from N-body experiments. The resulting acceleration vector points similar to 15 degrees away from the CMB dipole apex, with a remarkable alignment between small- and large-scale contributions. A considerable fraction (similar to 65 per cent) of the measured acceleration is generated within 40 h(-1) Mpc, with a nonnegligible contribution from scales between 90 and 140 h(-1) Mpc, after which the acceleration amplitude seems to have converged. The local group acceleration from PSCz appears to be consistent with the one determined from the IRAS 1.2-Jy galaxy catalogue once the different contributions from shot noise have been taken into account. The results are consistent with the gravitational instability hypothesis and do not indicate any strong deviations from the linear biasing relation on large scales. A maximum-likelihood analysis of the cumulative PSCz dipole is performed within a radius of 150 h(-1) Mpc, in which we account for non-linear effects, shot noise and finite sample size. The aim is to constrain the beta = Omega(0.6)/b parameter and the power spectrum of density fluctuations. We obtain beta = 0.70(-0.2)(+0.35) at 1 sigma confidence level. The likelihood analysis is not very sensitive to the shape of the power spectrum, because of the rise in the amplitude of the dipole beyond 40 h(-1) Mpc and the increase in shot noise on large scales. There is, however, a weak indication that within the framework of cold dark matter (CDM) models the observed Local Group acceleration implies some excess power on large scales.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1072543
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