We use the Point Source Catalogue Redshift Survey galaxy redshift catalogue combined with constrained simulations based on the IRAS 1.2-Jy galaxy density field to estimate the contribution of hot gas in the local universe to the Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) effect on a large scale. We produce a full-sky HEALPIX map predicting the SZ effect from clusters as well as diffuse hot gas within 80h-1Mpc. Performing cross-correlation tests between this map and the WMAP data in pixel, harmonic and wavelet space we can put an upper limit on the effect. We conclude that the SZ effect from diffuse gas in the local universe cannot be detected in current cosmic microwave background (CMB) data and is not a large-scale contaminating factor (l < 60) in studies of CMB angular anisotropies. We derive an upper limit for the mean temperature decrement of ΔT < 0.33μK at the 2σ confidence level for the 61-GHz frequency channel. However, for future high-sensitivity experiments observing at a wider range of frequencies, the predicted large-scale SZ effect could be of importance.
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