The cosmological peculiar velocity field (deviations from the pure Hubble flow) of matter carries significant information on dark energy, dark matter and the underlying theory of gravity on large scales. Peculiar motions of galaxies introduce systematic deviations between the observed galaxy redshifts z and the corresponding cosmological redshifts zcos . A novel method for estimating the angular power spectrum of the peculiar velocity field based on observations of galaxy redshifts and apparent magnitudes m (or equivalently fluxes) is presented. This method exploits the fact that a mean relation between zcos and m of galaxies can be derived from all galaxies in a redshift-magnitude survey. Given a galaxy magnitude, it is shown that the zcos (m) relation yields its cosmological redshift with a 1σ error of σz ∼ 0.3 for a survey like Euclid (∼ 109 galaxies at z . 2), and can be used to constrain the angular power spectrum of z − zcos (m) with a high signal-to-noise ratio. At large angular separations corresponding to l . 15, we obtain significant constraints on the power spectrum of the peculiar velocity field. At 15 . l . 60, magnitude shifts in the zcos (m) relation caused by gravitational lensing magnification dominate, allowing us to probe the line-of-sight integral of the gravitational potential. Effects related to the environmental dependence in the luminosity function can easily be computed and their contamination removed from the estimated power spectra. The amplitude of the combined velocity and lensing power spectra at z ∼ 1 can be measured with . 5% accuracy.

A direct probe of cosmological power spectra of the peculiar velocity field and the gravitational lensing magnification from photometric redshift surveys

BRANCHINI, ENZO FRANCO;
2013

Abstract

The cosmological peculiar velocity field (deviations from the pure Hubble flow) of matter carries significant information on dark energy, dark matter and the underlying theory of gravity on large scales. Peculiar motions of galaxies introduce systematic deviations between the observed galaxy redshifts z and the corresponding cosmological redshifts zcos . A novel method for estimating the angular power spectrum of the peculiar velocity field based on observations of galaxy redshifts and apparent magnitudes m (or equivalently fluxes) is presented. This method exploits the fact that a mean relation between zcos and m of galaxies can be derived from all galaxies in a redshift-magnitude survey. Given a galaxy magnitude, it is shown that the zcos (m) relation yields its cosmological redshift with a 1σ error of σz ∼ 0.3 for a survey like Euclid (∼ 109 galaxies at z . 2), and can be used to constrain the angular power spectrum of z − zcos (m) with a high signal-to-noise ratio. At large angular separations corresponding to l . 15, we obtain significant constraints on the power spectrum of the peculiar velocity field. At 15 . l . 60, magnitude shifts in the zcos (m) relation caused by gravitational lensing magnification dominate, allowing us to probe the line-of-sight integral of the gravitational potential. Effects related to the environmental dependence in the luminosity function can easily be computed and their contamination removed from the estimated power spectra. The amplitude of the combined velocity and lensing power spectra at z ∼ 1 can be measured with . 5% accuracy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1071348
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