Objective: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has become the preferred treatment in HER2-positive early breast cancer. Several trials investigated the neoadjuvant efficacy of dual HER2 blockade with anthracycline-free chemotherapy, whereas few data are available on single-agent trastuzumab and anthracycline-based regimens, which represent the standard of care in the adjuvant setting. This phase II, single-arm trial assessed anthracycline-based chemotherapy and trastuzumab as neoadjuvant treatment for high-risk HER2-positive breast cancer. Methods: Forty-three patients with stage II–III HER2-positive breast cancer were treated with 4 courses of neoadjuvant 5-fluorouracil 600 mg/m2, epirubicin 90 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 (FEC ×4) every 21 days, followed by 12 courses of weekly paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 and trastuzumab 2 mg/Kg IV (loading dose 4 mg/kg). Results: Pathologic complete response (pCR) was observed in 22 (51%) of 43 patients. After a median follow-up of 6 years, the 5-year disease-free survival and overall survival were 85.8% (95% confidence interval 75.9%–97%) and 89.6% (80.4%–99.8%), respectively. A temporary decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction was observed in two patients. No cardiac death or congestive heart failure occurred. One patient died due to febrile neutropenia. Conclusions: FEC ×4 followed by paclitaxel and trastuzumab was associated with high pCR rates and favorable long-term outcomes. However, this regimen was associated with relevant hematologic toxicity.

Anthracycline, taxane, and trastuzumab-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy in HER2-positive early breast cancer: phase II trial

Conte B.;Montemurro F.;Blondeaux E.;Molinelli C.;Poggio F.;Buzzatti G.;Lambertini M.;Del Mastro L.
2022

Abstract

Objective: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has become the preferred treatment in HER2-positive early breast cancer. Several trials investigated the neoadjuvant efficacy of dual HER2 blockade with anthracycline-free chemotherapy, whereas few data are available on single-agent trastuzumab and anthracycline-based regimens, which represent the standard of care in the adjuvant setting. This phase II, single-arm trial assessed anthracycline-based chemotherapy and trastuzumab as neoadjuvant treatment for high-risk HER2-positive breast cancer. Methods: Forty-three patients with stage II–III HER2-positive breast cancer were treated with 4 courses of neoadjuvant 5-fluorouracil 600 mg/m2, epirubicin 90 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 (FEC ×4) every 21 days, followed by 12 courses of weekly paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 and trastuzumab 2 mg/Kg IV (loading dose 4 mg/kg). Results: Pathologic complete response (pCR) was observed in 22 (51%) of 43 patients. After a median follow-up of 6 years, the 5-year disease-free survival and overall survival were 85.8% (95% confidence interval 75.9%–97%) and 89.6% (80.4%–99.8%), respectively. A temporary decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction was observed in two patients. No cardiac death or congestive heart failure occurred. One patient died due to febrile neutropenia. Conclusions: FEC ×4 followed by paclitaxel and trastuzumab was associated with high pCR rates and favorable long-term outcomes. However, this regimen was associated with relevant hematologic toxicity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1070940
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