We consider transport properties of a single edge of a two-dimensional topological insulator, in presence of Rashba spin-orbit coupling, driven by two external time-dependent voltages and connected to a thin superconductor. We focus on the case of a train of Lorentzian-shaped pulses, which are known to generate coherent single-electron excitations in two-dimensional electron gas, and prove that they are minimal excitations for charge transport also in helical edge states, even in the presence of spin-orbit interaction. Importantly, these properties of Lorentzian-shaped pulses can be tested computing charge noise generated by the scattering of particles at the thin superconductor. This represents a novel setup where electron quantum optics experiments with helical states can be implemented, with the superconducting contact as an effective beamsplitter. By elaborating on this configuration, we also evaluate charge noise in a collisional Hong-Ou-Mandel configuration, showing that due to the peculiar effects induced by Rashba interaction, a nonvanishing dip at zero delay appears.

Levitons in helical liquids with Rashba spin-orbit coupling probed by a superconducting contact

Ronetti F.;Sassetti M.
2020

Abstract

We consider transport properties of a single edge of a two-dimensional topological insulator, in presence of Rashba spin-orbit coupling, driven by two external time-dependent voltages and connected to a thin superconductor. We focus on the case of a train of Lorentzian-shaped pulses, which are known to generate coherent single-electron excitations in two-dimensional electron gas, and prove that they are minimal excitations for charge transport also in helical edge states, even in the presence of spin-orbit interaction. Importantly, these properties of Lorentzian-shaped pulses can be tested computing charge noise generated by the scattering of particles at the thin superconductor. This represents a novel setup where electron quantum optics experiments with helical states can be implemented, with the superconducting contact as an effective beamsplitter. By elaborating on this configuration, we also evaluate charge noise in a collisional Hong-Ou-Mandel configuration, showing that due to the peculiar effects induced by Rashba interaction, a nonvanishing dip at zero delay appears.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1069391
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