Background: There is limited knowledge on the origin and development from CD34+ precursors of the ample spectrum of human natural killer (NK) cells, particularly of specialized NK subsets. Objective: This study sought to characterize the NK-cell progeny of CD34+DNAM-1brightCXCR4+ and of other precursors circulating in the peripheral blood of patients with chronic viral infections (eg, HIV, hepatitis C virus, cytomegalovirus reactivation). Methods: Highly purified precursors were obtained by flow cytometric sorting and cultured in standard NK-cell differentiation media (ie, SCF, FLT3, IL-7, IL-15). Phenotypic and functional analyses on progenies were performed by multiparametric cytofluorimetric assays. Transcriptional signatures of NK-cell progenies were studied by microarray analysis. Inhibition of cytomegalovirus replication was studied by PCR. Results: Unlike conventional CD34+ precursors, Lin−CD34+DNAM-1brightCXCR4+ precursors from patients with chronic infection, rapidly differentiate into cytotoxic, IFN-γ–secreting CD94/NKG2C+KIR+CD57+ NK-cell progenies. An additional novel subset of common lymphocyte precursors was identified among Lin−CD34−CD56−CD16+ cells and characterized by expression of CXCR4 and lack of perforin and CD94. Lin−CD34−CD56−CD16+Perf−CD94−CXCR4+ precursors are also endowed with generation potential toward memory-like NKG2C+NK cells. Maturing NK-cell progenies mediated strong human cytomegalovirus–inhibiting activity. Microarray analysis confirmed a transcriptional signature compatible with NK-cell progenies and with maturing adaptive NK cells. Conclusions: During viral infections, precursors of adaptive NK cells are released and circulate in the peripheral blood.

HCMV-controlling NKG2C+ NK cells originate from novel circulating inflammatory precursors

Bozzano F.;Della Chiesa M.;Del Zotto G.;Muccio L.;Gribaudo G.;Cenderello G.;Dentone C.;De Maria A.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: There is limited knowledge on the origin and development from CD34+ precursors of the ample spectrum of human natural killer (NK) cells, particularly of specialized NK subsets. Objective: This study sought to characterize the NK-cell progeny of CD34+DNAM-1brightCXCR4+ and of other precursors circulating in the peripheral blood of patients with chronic viral infections (eg, HIV, hepatitis C virus, cytomegalovirus reactivation). Methods: Highly purified precursors were obtained by flow cytometric sorting and cultured in standard NK-cell differentiation media (ie, SCF, FLT3, IL-7, IL-15). Phenotypic and functional analyses on progenies were performed by multiparametric cytofluorimetric assays. Transcriptional signatures of NK-cell progenies were studied by microarray analysis. Inhibition of cytomegalovirus replication was studied by PCR. Results: Unlike conventional CD34+ precursors, Lin−CD34+DNAM-1brightCXCR4+ precursors from patients with chronic infection, rapidly differentiate into cytotoxic, IFN-γ–secreting CD94/NKG2C+KIR+CD57+ NK-cell progenies. An additional novel subset of common lymphocyte precursors was identified among Lin−CD34−CD56−CD16+ cells and characterized by expression of CXCR4 and lack of perforin and CD94. Lin−CD34−CD56−CD16+Perf−CD94−CXCR4+ precursors are also endowed with generation potential toward memory-like NKG2C+NK cells. Maturing NK-cell progenies mediated strong human cytomegalovirus–inhibiting activity. Microarray analysis confirmed a transcriptional signature compatible with NK-cell progenies and with maturing adaptive NK cells. Conclusions: During viral infections, precursors of adaptive NK cells are released and circulate in the peripheral blood.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1068566
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