Objective:: This study aimed to report the severity of COVID-19 in a cohort of Egyptian patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) with particular attention on the impact of disease modifying drugs (DMDs). Methods and study population:: We included 119 MS patients recruited from two centers, Ain-Shams university and Cairo university with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 during the period from May to September 2020 as a part of the MuSC-19 project. Univariate logistic regression was fitted to assess risk factors for severe COVID-19 (at least one outcome among hospitalization, ICU admission and death). Results:: Females were 77%, mean age was 34 years, mean duration of MS was 5.28 years, median EDSS was 3, most of the patients (83%) had RRMS, while 15% and 2% had respectively SPMS and PPMS. Only eleven patients (9% of study population) had a severe outcome and 3 patients (3%) died. Headache was the only symptom significantly associated with the severity of COVID-19 (OR=10.85, P = 0.001). There was no association between any of the DMDs and severe COVID-19 outcome. Conclusion:: This study showed an acceptable safety profile of DMDs in Egyptian MS patients who developed COVID-19, as 91% of the cohort had a favorable outcome. Headache as a symptom associated with severe outcome in Egyptian patients’ needs further validation.

The MuSC-19 study: The Egyptian cohort

Ponzano M.;Schiavetti I.;Carmisciano L.;Sormani M. P.
2021

Abstract

Objective:: This study aimed to report the severity of COVID-19 in a cohort of Egyptian patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) with particular attention on the impact of disease modifying drugs (DMDs). Methods and study population:: We included 119 MS patients recruited from two centers, Ain-Shams university and Cairo university with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 during the period from May to September 2020 as a part of the MuSC-19 project. Univariate logistic regression was fitted to assess risk factors for severe COVID-19 (at least one outcome among hospitalization, ICU admission and death). Results:: Females were 77%, mean age was 34 years, mean duration of MS was 5.28 years, median EDSS was 3, most of the patients (83%) had RRMS, while 15% and 2% had respectively SPMS and PPMS. Only eleven patients (9% of study population) had a severe outcome and 3 patients (3%) died. Headache was the only symptom significantly associated with the severity of COVID-19 (OR=10.85, P = 0.001). There was no association between any of the DMDs and severe COVID-19 outcome. Conclusion:: This study showed an acceptable safety profile of DMDs in Egyptian MS patients who developed COVID-19, as 91% of the cohort had a favorable outcome. Headache as a symptom associated with severe outcome in Egyptian patients’ needs further validation.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1068236
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact