Background: Nowadays, the endoscopic endonasal approach to sellar and parasellar region tumors is a common technique in neurosurgery, and surgical nuances, complications, and management strategies are shared in a multidisciplinary setting between neurosurgeons and ear, nose, and throat surgeons. Due to the heterogeneity of its variations, the role of the anterior nasal packing in endoscopic endonasal approach to the skull base surgery (EESBS) has not yet been unanimously accepted and no consensus or guidelines on its use exist. Materials and Methods: A survey containing 10 questions about indications, management advantages, and pitfalls of the use of anterior nasal packing in EESBS was created by using an online open-source tool (SurveyMonkey). The questionnaire was sent to 39 Italian neurosurgical departments, which routinely adopt the endoscopic endonasal approach. Results: Almost half of 39 selected centers (19; 48.7%) answered our survey. The main results can be summarized as 1) anterior nasal packing after EESBS is considered useful by 84% of participants, 2) prevention of epistaxis is the principal indication for anterior nasal packing, 3) the type of approach and skull base reconstruction influence the use of anterior nasal packing, and 4) nasal discomfort is considered the principal negative aspect of nasal packing. Conclusions: Our study identified that anterior nasal packing is commonly adopted in certain conditions, namely when extensive nasal dissection is performed. Furthermore, the choice to adopt or not the anterior nasal packing should be tailored taking in account specific conditions, such as acromegaly and Cushing disease. It represents an important factor in reducing postoperative sinonasal complications of EESB.

Role of Anterior Nasal Packing in Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery: Italian Survey

Canevari F. R. M.;Zona G.
2021

Abstract

Background: Nowadays, the endoscopic endonasal approach to sellar and parasellar region tumors is a common technique in neurosurgery, and surgical nuances, complications, and management strategies are shared in a multidisciplinary setting between neurosurgeons and ear, nose, and throat surgeons. Due to the heterogeneity of its variations, the role of the anterior nasal packing in endoscopic endonasal approach to the skull base surgery (EESBS) has not yet been unanimously accepted and no consensus or guidelines on its use exist. Materials and Methods: A survey containing 10 questions about indications, management advantages, and pitfalls of the use of anterior nasal packing in EESBS was created by using an online open-source tool (SurveyMonkey). The questionnaire was sent to 39 Italian neurosurgical departments, which routinely adopt the endoscopic endonasal approach. Results: Almost half of 39 selected centers (19; 48.7%) answered our survey. The main results can be summarized as 1) anterior nasal packing after EESBS is considered useful by 84% of participants, 2) prevention of epistaxis is the principal indication for anterior nasal packing, 3) the type of approach and skull base reconstruction influence the use of anterior nasal packing, and 4) nasal discomfort is considered the principal negative aspect of nasal packing. Conclusions: Our study identified that anterior nasal packing is commonly adopted in certain conditions, namely when extensive nasal dissection is performed. Furthermore, the choice to adopt or not the anterior nasal packing should be tailored taking in account specific conditions, such as acromegaly and Cushing disease. It represents an important factor in reducing postoperative sinonasal complications of EESB.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1065209
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