In the present work, crystallization of a soluble nucleatorN,N′,N″-tricyclohexyl-1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylamide (TMC-328) in a poly l-lactic acid) (PLLA) matrix has been studied at different temperatures. Based on the change in solubility with temperature, different levels of supersaturation of TMC-328 in a PLLA matrix can be obtained. This nucleator presents a fibrous structure produced via self-assembling and develops into an interconnected network when the temperature is lowered. The TMC-328 crystal nuclei density is quantified via optical microscopy, using the average distance of the adjacent fibrillar structure, which shows a steady decrease with the decrease in temperature. The crystallization rates of TMC-328 were assessed through rheological measurements of network formation. Both fibrils’ density and crystallization kinetics display a power law dependence on supersaturation. For the first time, the solid-melt interfacial energy, the size of the critical nucleus, and the number of molecules making up the critical nucleus of the nucleator TMC-328 in the PLLA matrix have been determined by adopting the classical nucleation theory. The subsequent crystallization of PLLA induced by this nucleator was investigated as a function of the fibrils’ spatial density. The crystallization rate of PLLA is enhanced with the increase in the TMC-328 fibrils’ density because of the availability of a larger nucleating surface. The self-assembled fibril of TMC-328 can serve as shish to form a hybrid shish-kebab structure after the crystallization of PLLA, regardless of the number of nucleation sites.

Crystallization of a Self-Assembling Nucleator in Poly(l-lactide) Melt

Wang, Wei;Dodero, Andrea;Castellano, Maila;Cavallo, Dario
2021-01-01

Abstract

In the present work, crystallization of a soluble nucleatorN,N′,N″-tricyclohexyl-1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylamide (TMC-328) in a poly l-lactic acid) (PLLA) matrix has been studied at different temperatures. Based on the change in solubility with temperature, different levels of supersaturation of TMC-328 in a PLLA matrix can be obtained. This nucleator presents a fibrous structure produced via self-assembling and develops into an interconnected network when the temperature is lowered. The TMC-328 crystal nuclei density is quantified via optical microscopy, using the average distance of the adjacent fibrillar structure, which shows a steady decrease with the decrease in temperature. The crystallization rates of TMC-328 were assessed through rheological measurements of network formation. Both fibrils’ density and crystallization kinetics display a power law dependence on supersaturation. For the first time, the solid-melt interfacial energy, the size of the critical nucleus, and the number of molecules making up the critical nucleus of the nucleator TMC-328 in the PLLA matrix have been determined by adopting the classical nucleation theory. The subsequent crystallization of PLLA induced by this nucleator was investigated as a function of the fibrils’ spatial density. The crystallization rate of PLLA is enhanced with the increase in the TMC-328 fibrils’ density because of the availability of a larger nucleating surface. The self-assembled fibril of TMC-328 can serve as shish to form a hybrid shish-kebab structure after the crystallization of PLLA, regardless of the number of nucleation sites.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1064764
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact