Human V delta 2 cells are innate-like gamma delta T effectors performing potent immune surveillance against tumors. The constitutive expression of NKG2A identifies a subset of V delta 2 T cells licensed with an intrinsic hyper-responsiveness against cancer. Indeed, the transcriptomic profiles of NKG2A(+) and NKG2A(-) cells characterize two distinct "intralineages'' of V delta 2 T lymphocytes that appear early during development, keep their phenotypes, and show self-renewal capabilities in adult life. The hyper-responsiveness of NKG2A(+) V delta 2 T cells is counterbalanced by the inhibitory signaling delivered by human leukocyte antigen E (HLA-E) expressed on malignant cells as a tumor-escape mechanism. However, either masking or knocking out NKG2A restores the capacity of V delta 2 T cells to exert the highest effector functions even against HLA-E+ tumors. This is highly relevant in the clinic, as the different degrees of engagement of the NKG2A-HLA-E checkpoint in hepatocellular carcinoma, glioblastoma, and non-small cell lung cancer directly impact patients' overall survival. These findings open avenues for developing combined cellular and immunologic anticancer therapies.

NKG2A expression identifies a subset of human Vδ2 T cells exerting the highest antitumor effector functions

Marcenaro, Emanuela;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Human V delta 2 cells are innate-like gamma delta T effectors performing potent immune surveillance against tumors. The constitutive expression of NKG2A identifies a subset of V delta 2 T cells licensed with an intrinsic hyper-responsiveness against cancer. Indeed, the transcriptomic profiles of NKG2A(+) and NKG2A(-) cells characterize two distinct "intralineages'' of V delta 2 T lymphocytes that appear early during development, keep their phenotypes, and show self-renewal capabilities in adult life. The hyper-responsiveness of NKG2A(+) V delta 2 T cells is counterbalanced by the inhibitory signaling delivered by human leukocyte antigen E (HLA-E) expressed on malignant cells as a tumor-escape mechanism. However, either masking or knocking out NKG2A restores the capacity of V delta 2 T cells to exert the highest effector functions even against HLA-E+ tumors. This is highly relevant in the clinic, as the different degrees of engagement of the NKG2A-HLA-E checkpoint in hepatocellular carcinoma, glioblastoma, and non-small cell lung cancer directly impact patients' overall survival. These findings open avenues for developing combined cellular and immunologic anticancer therapies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1062649
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