Carbohydrates as a component in adhesive formulations have been reported for many years. A rapid cure at moderate temperatures is a remaining challenge in the development of renewable adhesives. Rheology provides insight into all stages of structure formation of a cured polymer. This work analyses the curing of carbohydrate-amine adhesives with and without the addition of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) as a biomass-derived key reactant in adhesives. Isothermal and non-isothermal rheological measurements were performed to characterize i) the rheology of the prepolymer, ii) the initial stages of curing, iii) the sol-gel transition, and iv) general rheokinetics. The viscosity profile was described by empirical models and showed a deviation from homogeneous curing. Rheokinetic analysis using isoconversional methods and Arrhenius plots showed that HMF reduces the activation energy of the curing reaction. The addition of 5 mol.-% HMF (based on starting fructose content) increases the reactivity by lowering the activation energy of the curing.

Carbohydrate-hydroxymethylfurfural-amine adhesives: Chemorheological analysis and rheokinetic study

Pellis A.;
2021

Abstract

Carbohydrates as a component in adhesive formulations have been reported for many years. A rapid cure at moderate temperatures is a remaining challenge in the development of renewable adhesives. Rheology provides insight into all stages of structure formation of a cured polymer. This work analyses the curing of carbohydrate-amine adhesives with and without the addition of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) as a biomass-derived key reactant in adhesives. Isothermal and non-isothermal rheological measurements were performed to characterize i) the rheology of the prepolymer, ii) the initial stages of curing, iii) the sol-gel transition, and iv) general rheokinetics. The viscosity profile was described by empirical models and showed a deviation from homogeneous curing. Rheokinetic analysis using isoconversional methods and Arrhenius plots showed that HMF reduces the activation energy of the curing reaction. The addition of 5 mol.-% HMF (based on starting fructose content) increases the reactivity by lowering the activation energy of the curing.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1062546
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