Background: Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) is a rare inflammatory disorder characterized by important psychiatric and neurologic symptoms. The literature documents high rates of neuropsychological dysfunction in N-methyl D-aspartate-receptor (NMDAr) encephalitis but papers don’t consider specifically calculation disturbances between the long-term deficits, although deficits in executive control and episodic memory were less likely to resolve. Case report: Here we present a severe case of NMDAr encephalitis in a young patient without a relevant past medical history. Upon first examination he presented psycho-motor slowdown, speech disorders, severe cognitive deficits in all areas: concentration, attention, memory, language, dual task functions, increased latency in responses, severe dyscalculia. Upon first evaluation, the young patient underwent a battery of neuropsychological tests and he showed a dysexecutive syndrome with performances significantly low for age and education. Our patient hence underwent 1 month of intensive cognitive rehabilitation. After the rehabilitation treatment, he presented an amelioration in all domains except calculations. Conclusions: In our patient the calculation disorder has proved to be the most relevant problem and the most difficult to treat. Clinicians should consider a careful approach to determine the prognosis of this syndrome because of the wide range of deficits, the need of prolonged treatment and the rate of long-term sequelae.

I can’t count, but I can beat you playing cards: a case report on autoimmune encephalitis

Mori L.;Campanella W.;Vestito L.;Marinelli L.;Benedetti L.;Cocito L.;Trompetto C.
2021

Abstract

Background: Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) is a rare inflammatory disorder characterized by important psychiatric and neurologic symptoms. The literature documents high rates of neuropsychological dysfunction in N-methyl D-aspartate-receptor (NMDAr) encephalitis but papers don’t consider specifically calculation disturbances between the long-term deficits, although deficits in executive control and episodic memory were less likely to resolve. Case report: Here we present a severe case of NMDAr encephalitis in a young patient without a relevant past medical history. Upon first examination he presented psycho-motor slowdown, speech disorders, severe cognitive deficits in all areas: concentration, attention, memory, language, dual task functions, increased latency in responses, severe dyscalculia. Upon first evaluation, the young patient underwent a battery of neuropsychological tests and he showed a dysexecutive syndrome with performances significantly low for age and education. Our patient hence underwent 1 month of intensive cognitive rehabilitation. After the rehabilitation treatment, he presented an amelioration in all domains except calculations. Conclusions: In our patient the calculation disorder has proved to be the most relevant problem and the most difficult to treat. Clinicians should consider a careful approach to determine the prognosis of this syndrome because of the wide range of deficits, the need of prolonged treatment and the rate of long-term sequelae.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1062062
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