Amino acids have a primary role in cancer metabolism. Beyond their primary biosynthetic role, they represent also an alternative fuel while their catabolites can influence the epigenetic control of gene expression and suppress anti-tumor immune responses. The accumulation of amino-acid derivatives in the tumor microenvironment depends not only on the activity of tumor cells, but also on stromal cells. In this study, we show that mesenchymal stromal cells derived from head–neck cancer express the amino acid oxidase IL4I1 that has been detected in different types of tumor cells. The catabolic products of IL4I1, H2 O2, and kynurenines are known to suppress T cell response. We found that neutralization of IL4I1 activity can restore T cell proliferation. Thus, therapeutical strategies targeting enzymes involved in amino-acid catabolism may be helpful to contemporary block tumor cell migration and restore an efficacious anti-tumor immunity.

Il4i1 is expressed by head–neck cancer-derived mesenchymal stromal cells and contributes to suppress t cell proliferation

De Palma R.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Amino acids have a primary role in cancer metabolism. Beyond their primary biosynthetic role, they represent also an alternative fuel while their catabolites can influence the epigenetic control of gene expression and suppress anti-tumor immune responses. The accumulation of amino-acid derivatives in the tumor microenvironment depends not only on the activity of tumor cells, but also on stromal cells. In this study, we show that mesenchymal stromal cells derived from head–neck cancer express the amino acid oxidase IL4I1 that has been detected in different types of tumor cells. The catabolic products of IL4I1, H2 O2, and kynurenines are known to suppress T cell response. We found that neutralization of IL4I1 activity can restore T cell proliferation. Thus, therapeutical strategies targeting enzymes involved in amino-acid catabolism may be helpful to contemporary block tumor cell migration and restore an efficacious anti-tumor immunity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1061639
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