Multiple myeloma is a plasma cell dyscrasia characterized by focal and non-focal bone lesions. Radiomic techniques extract morphological information from computerized tomography images and exploit them for stratification and risk prediction purposes. However, few papers so far have applied radiomics to multiple myeloma. A retrospective study approved by the institutional review board: n = 51 transplanted patients and n = 33 (64%) with focal lesion analyzed via an open-source toolbox that extracted 109 radiomics features. We also applied a dedicated tool for computing 24 features describing the whole skeleton asset. The redundancy reduction was realized via correlation and principal component analysis. Fuzzy clustering (FC) and Hough transform filtering (HTF) allowed for patient stratification, with effectiveness assessed by four skill scores. The highest sensitivity and critical success index (CSI) were obtained representing each patient, with 17 focal features selected via correlation with the 24 features describing the overall skeletal asset. These scores were higher than the ones associated with a standard cytogenetic classification. The Mann– Whitney U-test showed that three among the 17 imaging descriptors passed the null hypothesis. This AI-based interpretation of radiomics features stratified relapsed and non-relapsed MM patients, showing some potentiality for the determination of the prognostic image-based biomarkers in disease follow-up.

Radiomics and artificial intelligence for outcome prediction in multiple myeloma patients undergoing autologous transplantation: A feasibility study with ct data

Schenone D.;Campi C.;Frassoni F.;Cea M.;Aquino S.;Angelucci E.;Rossi F.;Torri L.;Bignotti B.;Tagliafico A. S.;Piana M.
2021

Abstract

Multiple myeloma is a plasma cell dyscrasia characterized by focal and non-focal bone lesions. Radiomic techniques extract morphological information from computerized tomography images and exploit them for stratification and risk prediction purposes. However, few papers so far have applied radiomics to multiple myeloma. A retrospective study approved by the institutional review board: n = 51 transplanted patients and n = 33 (64%) with focal lesion analyzed via an open-source toolbox that extracted 109 radiomics features. We also applied a dedicated tool for computing 24 features describing the whole skeleton asset. The redundancy reduction was realized via correlation and principal component analysis. Fuzzy clustering (FC) and Hough transform filtering (HTF) allowed for patient stratification, with effectiveness assessed by four skill scores. The highest sensitivity and critical success index (CSI) were obtained representing each patient, with 17 focal features selected via correlation with the 24 features describing the overall skeletal asset. These scores were higher than the ones associated with a standard cytogenetic classification. The Mann– Whitney U-test showed that three among the 17 imaging descriptors passed the null hypothesis. This AI-based interpretation of radiomics features stratified relapsed and non-relapsed MM patients, showing some potentiality for the determination of the prognostic image-based biomarkers in disease follow-up.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1060400
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