At least the longest – allegedly Tyrrhenian – ‘Rhaetic’ inscriptions from the upper basin of the Etsch River can be revisited as Old (Continental) Celtic evidence. This layer, along with the Illyrian-like linguistic notion of Ostalpenblock by the Innsbruck School of Place-Name Studies, coincides with the Pre-Romance substrate of Fassa Valley, as names of rivers (Duron) and of legendary or mythological fellows (Bregostan(a)) – maybe Ciadenac (Rosengarten) as well if it is a loan-translation of Pre-Roman mountain name Brenta – converge to prove. Gröden/Val Gardena, Kurfar/Corvara, Fanes, and even the locally renowned place-name triad Èores, Cèores, Anèores can be ascribed to Pre-Latin (either Celtic or Venetic) substrates, too. Toponymic Celtic/Venetic B-/F-pairs for one and the same object (e.g. Bers(e)n/Fersina) strongly suggest common descent from names with *Bʱ-anlaut; Breien/Brié, in Tiers (→ Eisack) valley, and Cisalpine matches of Gaelic ford-names with Áth were demonstrably coined in Proto-Indo-European age. Such a local-rooted diachronic continuity from Proto-Indo-European prehistory through Rhaetic inscriptions to Celtic and Venetic substrate names throws a fresh insight into the language spoken by Ötzi the Iceman Mummy of Similaun (IVth millennium BC) or even earlier, which accordingly should quite likely be Proto-Indo-European itself.
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