The treatment of Erythrosine B, selected as a model compound, has been comparatively studied by electrochemical advanced oxidation processes (EAOPs) such as electro-Fenton, UVA photoelectro-Fenton and solar photoelectro-Fenton at constant current density. Experiments are performed in a one-compartment cell with a BDD anode, and a commercial carbon felt cathode at pH = 3, treating a volume of 0.3 L in each test. The irradiation plays a crucial role in the increasing of hydroxyl radical production and in the recover of iron catalyst. A faster colour and COD removal degradation are achieved under the light application. UVA photoelectro-Fenton and solar photoelectro-Fenton processes allow degrading COD entirely in 90 min, while a conventional electro-Fenton does not reach 90% COD removal after 2 h. Energy consumptions are a substantial factor in process selection. Photo electro-Fenton with a UVA-100 W lamp has one of the best removal performance, but it becomes not suitable for application due to high energy demand, up to 515.6 kWh m−3, and the UVA system requires the main fraction of this energy. Possible alternatives are proposed to contain costs: the first is the reduction of UVA lamp power to 25 W, maintaining a high-performance removal with an Ec decreasing to 187.9 kWh m−3. Nevertheless, the lowest and competitive energy demands is obtained working with a solar photoelectro-Fenton system, where energy consumption are only related to the electrochemical process (20.9 kWh m−3), and removal is complete.

Electro-Fenton, solar photoelectro-Fenton and UVA photoelectro-Fenton: Degradation of Erythrosine B dye solution

Clematis D.;Panizza M.
2021-01-01

Abstract

The treatment of Erythrosine B, selected as a model compound, has been comparatively studied by electrochemical advanced oxidation processes (EAOPs) such as electro-Fenton, UVA photoelectro-Fenton and solar photoelectro-Fenton at constant current density. Experiments are performed in a one-compartment cell with a BDD anode, and a commercial carbon felt cathode at pH = 3, treating a volume of 0.3 L in each test. The irradiation plays a crucial role in the increasing of hydroxyl radical production and in the recover of iron catalyst. A faster colour and COD removal degradation are achieved under the light application. UVA photoelectro-Fenton and solar photoelectro-Fenton processes allow degrading COD entirely in 90 min, while a conventional electro-Fenton does not reach 90% COD removal after 2 h. Energy consumptions are a substantial factor in process selection. Photo electro-Fenton with a UVA-100 W lamp has one of the best removal performance, but it becomes not suitable for application due to high energy demand, up to 515.6 kWh m−3, and the UVA system requires the main fraction of this energy. Possible alternatives are proposed to contain costs: the first is the reduction of UVA lamp power to 25 W, maintaining a high-performance removal with an Ec decreasing to 187.9 kWh m−3. Nevertheless, the lowest and competitive energy demands is obtained working with a solar photoelectro-Fenton system, where energy consumption are only related to the electrochemical process (20.9 kWh m−3), and removal is complete.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1055150
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