Objectives: Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) is a novel technique used to evaluate and recondition marginal or rejected grafts. Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is a major early complication after lung transplantation (LTx). The use of marginal or initially rejected grafts may increase its incidence and severity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of PGD after LTx using rejected grafts reconditioned with EVLP. Methods: PGD has been evaluated immediately after LTx (t0) and after 72 h (t72) in patients receiving standard (Group A) or reconditioned (Group B) grafts. EVLP was performed using a controlled acellular perfusion according to the Toronto technique. Results: From July 2011 to February 2013, 36 LTxs have been performed: 28 patients (21 M/7 F, mean age 51.7 ± 14.7 years) in Group A and 8 (6 M/2 F, mean age 46.6 ± 9.8 years) in Group B (successful recondition rate of 73%, 8 of 11 cases). Incidence rate of PGD 3 at t0 and at t72 (Group A versus Group B) was 50 vs 37% (P = NS) and 25 vs 0% (P = NS), respectively. Post-transplant extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was required in 5 and 2 patients in Groups A and B, respectively (P = NS). Conclusions: The use of initially rejected grafts treated with EVLP does not increase the incidence and severity of PGD after LTx. Although comparison of PGD 3 incidence in the two groups did not reach a statistical difference, all EVLP patients suffering from severe PGD early after transplant recovered normal lung function at 72 h, suggesting a protective role of EVLP against PGD occurrence and severity.
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|Titolo:||Incidence and severity of primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation using rejected grafts reconditioned with ex vivo lung perfusion|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|