Introduction Among solid organ recipients lung transplant recipients are at highest risk to be affected by cytomegalovirus infection (CMV) or to die from CMV disease. Two strategies are usually adopted in the clinical management of transplant recipients: antiviral prophylaxis and pre-emptive therapy. Methods In our center we adopted from 2007 a combined prophylaxis with anti-CMV immunoglobulins in the first post-transplant year and antiviral therapy (gancyclovir or valgancyclovir) from post-transplant day 15 for 3 weeks and in case of CMV bronchoalveolar lavage specimen positivity (polymerase chain reaction or shell vial). Moreover, we studied specific cellular immune response by an Elispot assay to define responder patients by the number of spot forming units (<5 nonresponders, 5-20 weeks, 20-100 good, >100 very good responders). Results We reduced acute rejections (from 17% to 6%, odds ratio 3.25), lymphocytic bronchitis bronchiolitis (from 11% to 2%), and first-year CMV pneumonia after the first post-transplant month (from 6.4% to 1%). We showed in nonresponders an earlier onset (68 vs 204 post-transplant days) and a longer duration (>14 days vs <14 days) of infection (P <.05 for all referred data). Discussion The morbility reduction has been obtained by antiviral therapy, increasing costs and risk of side effects. Our more recent studies show a population with a good immune response that probably doesn't need a pharmacological intervention but just a strict follow-up. Conclusion Our proposed strategy is now tailoring the therapy on immune response clinical application, limiting to the specimen positivity in nonresponders. © 2013 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||Tailored cytomegalovirus management in lung transplant recipient: A single-center experience|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|