Introduction: We assessed the influence of education as a proxy of cognitive reserve and age on the dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) metabolic pattern. Methods: Brain 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and clinical/demographic information were available in 169 probable DLB patients included in the European DLB-consortium database. Principal component analysis identified brain regions relevant to local data variance. A linear regression model was applied to generate age- and education-sensitive maps corrected for Mini-Mental State Examination score, sex (and either education or age). Results: Age negatively covaried with metabolism in bilateral middle and superior frontal cortex, anterior and posterior cingulate, reducing the expression of the DLB-typical cingulate island sign (CIS). Education negatively covaried with metabolism in the left inferior parietal cortex and precuneus (making the CIS more prominent). Discussion: These findings point out the importance of tailoring interpretation of DLB biomarkers considering the concomitant effect of individual, non–disease-related variables such as age and cognitive reserve.

Associations among education, age, and the dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) metabolic pattern: A European-DLB consortium project

Bauckneht M.;Chincarini A.;Peira E.;Arnaldi D.;Pardini M.;Donegani M. I.;Raffa S.;Miceli A.;Sambuceti G.;Nobili F.;Morbelli S.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: We assessed the influence of education as a proxy of cognitive reserve and age on the dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) metabolic pattern. Methods: Brain 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and clinical/demographic information were available in 169 probable DLB patients included in the European DLB-consortium database. Principal component analysis identified brain regions relevant to local data variance. A linear regression model was applied to generate age- and education-sensitive maps corrected for Mini-Mental State Examination score, sex (and either education or age). Results: Age negatively covaried with metabolism in bilateral middle and superior frontal cortex, anterior and posterior cingulate, reducing the expression of the DLB-typical cingulate island sign (CIS). Education negatively covaried with metabolism in the left inferior parietal cortex and precuneus (making the CIS more prominent). Discussion: These findings point out the importance of tailoring interpretation of DLB biomarkers considering the concomitant effect of individual, non–disease-related variables such as age and cognitive reserve.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1044690
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