PurposeThe aim of this study was to report the prevalence of secondary breast malignancies and analyze their radiological characteristics.Materials and methodsWe collected 42,505 pathological reports of mammary biopsies performed from January 2000 to January 2019 in our hospital database, from which we screened reports of secondary cancer of the breast. We collected and analyzed imaging data from computed tomography (CT), ultrasound (US), and mammography. Mammograms, CT scans, and US images were reviewed by two breast radiologists. Prevalence of secondary breast malignancy among suspicious breast masses and all breast malignancies were calculated.ResultsOut of 42,505 histopathology reports from mammary biopsies, we found 19,354 malignancies. We identified 33 cases of secondary breast cancers (0.08% of suspicious breast lesions, 0.17% of breast malignancies). Most common metastases were from lymphoma (23 cases, 0.05% of suspicious breast lesions, 0.12% of breast malignancies) and melanoma (six cases, 0.01% of suspicious breast lesions, 0.03% of breast malignancies). All secondary lesions were hypoechoic on US and showed high density on mammogram. On CT, 83% of the lesions appeared solid/dense, and 17% were mixed, alternating areas of iso/hyperdensity with areas of hypodensity.ConclusionSecondary breast cancer had a prevalence of 0.17% among all breast malignancies. No specific imaging features, characteristic of secondary breast cancer, were found.
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