Despite a variety of available techniques, such as discrepancy principle, generalized cross validation, and balancing principle, the issue of the proper regularization parameter choice for inverse problems still remains one of the relevant challenges in the field. The main difficulty lies in constructing an efficient rule, allowing to compute the parameter from given noisy data without relying either on any a priori knowledge of the solution, noise level or on the manual input. In this paper, we propose a novel method based on a statistical learning theory framework to approximate the high-dimensional function, which maps noisy data to the optimal Tikhonov regularization parameter. After an offline phase where we observe samples of the noisy data-to-optimal parameter mapping, an estimate of the optimal regularization parameter is computed directly from noisy data. Our assumptions are that ground truth solutions of the inverse problem are statistically distributed in a concentrated manner on (lower-dimensional) linear subspaces and the noise is sub-gaussian. We show that for our method to be efficient, the number of previously observed samples of the noisy data-to-optimal parameter mapping needs to scale at most linearly with the dimension of the solution subspace. We provide explicit error bounds on the approximation accuracy from noisy data of unobserved optimal regularization parameters and ground truth solutions. Even though the results are more of theoretical nature, we present a recipe for the practical implementation of the approach. We conclude with presenting numerical experiments verifying our theoretical results and illustrating the superiority of our method with respect to several state-of-the-art approaches in terms of accuracy or computational time for solving inverse problems of various types.

A machine learning approach to optimal Tikhonov regularization I: Affine manifolds

de Vito, Ernesto;
2021

Abstract

Despite a variety of available techniques, such as discrepancy principle, generalized cross validation, and balancing principle, the issue of the proper regularization parameter choice for inverse problems still remains one of the relevant challenges in the field. The main difficulty lies in constructing an efficient rule, allowing to compute the parameter from given noisy data without relying either on any a priori knowledge of the solution, noise level or on the manual input. In this paper, we propose a novel method based on a statistical learning theory framework to approximate the high-dimensional function, which maps noisy data to the optimal Tikhonov regularization parameter. After an offline phase where we observe samples of the noisy data-to-optimal parameter mapping, an estimate of the optimal regularization parameter is computed directly from noisy data. Our assumptions are that ground truth solutions of the inverse problem are statistically distributed in a concentrated manner on (lower-dimensional) linear subspaces and the noise is sub-gaussian. We show that for our method to be efficient, the number of previously observed samples of the noisy data-to-optimal parameter mapping needs to scale at most linearly with the dimension of the solution subspace. We provide explicit error bounds on the approximation accuracy from noisy data of unobserved optimal regularization parameters and ground truth solutions. Even though the results are more of theoretical nature, we present a recipe for the practical implementation of the approach. We conclude with presenting numerical experiments verifying our theoretical results and illustrating the superiority of our method with respect to several state-of-the-art approaches in terms of accuracy or computational time for solving inverse problems of various types.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1038950
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