Purpose: Oxidative stress might play an important role in the development of osteoarthritis, but not much is known about the effect of antioxidants on osteoarthritis risk. We, therefore, aimed to investigate the effect of dietary vitamin C, E, beta-carotene, and non-enzymatic antioxidant capacity (NEAC), which measures overall antioxidant activity from the diet, on the risk of osteoarthritis. Methods: For this study 43,865 men and women from the Swedish National March Cohort (SNMC) were followed for up to 19 years. We computed dietary intake of vitamin C, E and beta-carotene using information from a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). To estimate dietary NEAC we combined the information from the FFQ with food item-specific antioxidant capacity values from an antioxidant food database. Cases of osteoarthritis were identified through the Swedish National Patient Registers. We categorized all exposure variables into sex-specific quartiles and used multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression models to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Results: In total, we observed 5976 cases of OA during 469,148 person-years of follow-up. After adjusting for potential confounders, we did not find any association between vitamin C, beta-carotene and NEAC (p-values for trend > 0.5), but a positive association was found with higher dietary vitamin E intake (HR Q4 vs Q1: 1.11; 95% CI 1.02–1.21; p for trend = 0.01) and the risk of OA. Conclusion: Our findings do not provide evidence for dietary antioxidants to protect from the development of OA, and a higher dietary vitamin E intake might even increase the risk.
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|Titolo:||Dietary antioxidants, non-enzymatic antioxidant capacity and the risk of osteoarthritis in the Swedish National March Cohort|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|