This manuscript reports the development of functional 3D scaffolds based on chitosan (CHI) and graphite oxide nanoplatelets (GO) for neuronal network growth. To this aim, CHI microparticles, produced by alkaline gelation method, were coated with GO exploiting a simple template-assisted assembly based on the electrostatic attraction in an aqueous medium. The optimal deposition conditions were evaluated by optical microscopy and studied by quartz crystal microbalance. FE-SEM observations highlight the formation of a core-shell structure where the porous chitosan core is completely wrapped by a uniform GO layer. This outer shell protects the inner chitosan from enzymatic degradation thus potentially extending the scaffold viability for in vivo applications. The presence of hydrophilic oxygen-containing functionalities on the outermost layer of GO and its inner conductive graphitic core maintained the bioactivity of the scaffold and promoted neuronal cell adhesion and growth. The proposed approach to modify the surface of CHI microparticles makes it possible for the design of 3D scaffolds for advanced neuronal tissue engineering applications.

Assembly of chitosan-graphite oxide nanoplatelets core shell microparticles for advanced 3D scaffolds supporting neuronal networks growth

Arnaldi P.;Di Lisa D.;Muzzi L.;Monticelli O.;Pastorino L.
2020-01-01

Abstract

This manuscript reports the development of functional 3D scaffolds based on chitosan (CHI) and graphite oxide nanoplatelets (GO) for neuronal network growth. To this aim, CHI microparticles, produced by alkaline gelation method, were coated with GO exploiting a simple template-assisted assembly based on the electrostatic attraction in an aqueous medium. The optimal deposition conditions were evaluated by optical microscopy and studied by quartz crystal microbalance. FE-SEM observations highlight the formation of a core-shell structure where the porous chitosan core is completely wrapped by a uniform GO layer. This outer shell protects the inner chitosan from enzymatic degradation thus potentially extending the scaffold viability for in vivo applications. The presence of hydrophilic oxygen-containing functionalities on the outermost layer of GO and its inner conductive graphitic core maintained the bioactivity of the scaffold and promoted neuronal cell adhesion and growth. The proposed approach to modify the surface of CHI microparticles makes it possible for the design of 3D scaffolds for advanced neuronal tissue engineering applications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1036883
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