The results of direct numerical simulations of the flow generated in a plane duct by a pressure gradient which is the sum of two terms are described. The first term of the pressure gradient is constant in space but it oscillates in time whereas the second term is constant both in space and in time. Therefore, a pulsating flow is generated, similar to that generated at the bottom of a monochromatic propagating surface wave when nonlinear effects are taken into account. The simulations are carried out for values of the parameters similar to those considered in previous investigations. It is shown that even a small constant pressure gradient influences the flow regime in the bottom boundary layer. In particular, turbulence strength is damped when the steady velocity component has the direction opposite to the oscillating velocity component whereas turbulence strength increases when the steady and oscillating components point in the same direction. Even though the flow is not exactly equal to that generated at the bottom of sea waves, where second order effects in the wave steepness induce a steady streaming in the direction of wave propagation, our results provide information on the interaction of the steady streaming with the oscillatory flow and are also relevant for investigating the dynamics of sediment close to the sea bottom. Indeed, since the turbulent eddies tend to pick-up the sediment from the bottom, it can be inferred that the triggering of turbulence enhances sediment transport towards the shore.
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|Titolo:||Direct numerical simulations of the pulsating flow over a plane wall|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|