The study aims to get some additional knowledge on the modern seafloor composition offshore Brunei Darussalam by looking at the recent stratigraphic succession of the deposited sediments and their distribution patterns. For this reason, 10 shallow cores (22 to 46 cm thick) have been collected by scuba diving along two depth transects spanning from water depth of 20 to 60 m. One of the transects has been sampled north-northwest of the Muara village, just in front of the Brunei Bay and the other one off the coast near Tutong town, away from major sedimentary inputs. The results obtained portray two different sea bottom compositions and two different depth-related sediment distributions. The Muara transect is highly rich in mud and yielded abundant biogenic component at all investigated depths. The Tutong transect has a higher sand content but display constant changes along with depth. The sediment is mostly composed by biogenic grains such as rests of sponges, foraminifera, molluscs and echinoderms; the not biogenic grains are for the vast majority made of quartz. The sandy fractions of both transects have been tested for cyclicity and all cores can be described by functions with comparable periods, thus indicating that an oscillatory environmental event such as the alternation of the monsoon seasons, has similar influence on the seafloor of both transects.

Sedimentological characterisation of sea bottom samples collected offshore Muara and Tutong, Brunei Darussalam

Antonino Briguglio;Sulia Goeting;
2020

Abstract

The study aims to get some additional knowledge on the modern seafloor composition offshore Brunei Darussalam by looking at the recent stratigraphic succession of the deposited sediments and their distribution patterns. For this reason, 10 shallow cores (22 to 46 cm thick) have been collected by scuba diving along two depth transects spanning from water depth of 20 to 60 m. One of the transects has been sampled north-northwest of the Muara village, just in front of the Brunei Bay and the other one off the coast near Tutong town, away from major sedimentary inputs. The results obtained portray two different sea bottom compositions and two different depth-related sediment distributions. The Muara transect is highly rich in mud and yielded abundant biogenic component at all investigated depths. The Tutong transect has a higher sand content but display constant changes along with depth. The sediment is mostly composed by biogenic grains such as rests of sponges, foraminifera, molluscs and echinoderms; the not biogenic grains are for the vast majority made of quartz. The sandy fractions of both transects have been tested for cyclicity and all cores can be described by functions with comparable periods, thus indicating that an oscillatory environmental event such as the alternation of the monsoon seasons, has similar influence on the seafloor of both transects.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1031858
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