Background/Aim: A retrospective study was performed in 246 breast cancer patients to define whether tumor-to-nipple distance (TND) assessment by breast MRI may select patients eligible to nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) as compared to permanent section assessment of retroareolar margin. Patients and Methods: Pre- and postoperative parameters including imaging data, histology of the primary tumor, biologic prognostic factors, and adjuvant regimens were retrieved; patients with close/positive retroareolar margins underwent nipple or NAC excision. The primary endpoint was loco-regional recurrence (LRR). Results: Patients with TND <= 2 cm had a significantly higher rate of invasive ductal carcinoma (p<0.003) and excision margins less than 2 mm (p<0.000). Eleven retroareolar specimens were positive at definitive pathology; final re-excision specimen examination showed residual disease in seven patients (63.6%). At a median follow-up of 31 to 33 months, no NAC recurrence did occur; disease-free survival was more than 96%, and LRR was homogeneously distributed among TND subgroups. Conclusion: Therapeutic NSM is a safe procedure independently of TND assessed at preoperative breast MRI. Permanent section assessment of retroareolar tissue is more accurate and cost-effective than frozen section. Furthermore, delayed nipple and/or NAC excision did not impair local disease control.

Tumor-to-nipple Distance Should Not Preclude Nipple-sparing Mastectomy in Breast Cancer Patients. Personal Experience and Literature Review

Fregatti, Piero;Gipponi, Marco;Zoppoli, Gabriele;Lambertini, Matteo;Blondeaux, Eva;Belgioia, Liliana;Murelli, Federica;Depaoli, Francesca;Garlaschi, Alessandro;Friedman, Daniele
2020

Abstract

Background/Aim: A retrospective study was performed in 246 breast cancer patients to define whether tumor-to-nipple distance (TND) assessment by breast MRI may select patients eligible to nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) as compared to permanent section assessment of retroareolar margin. Patients and Methods: Pre- and postoperative parameters including imaging data, histology of the primary tumor, biologic prognostic factors, and adjuvant regimens were retrieved; patients with close/positive retroareolar margins underwent nipple or NAC excision. The primary endpoint was loco-regional recurrence (LRR). Results: Patients with TND <= 2 cm had a significantly higher rate of invasive ductal carcinoma (p<0.003) and excision margins less than 2 mm (p<0.000). Eleven retroareolar specimens were positive at definitive pathology; final re-excision specimen examination showed residual disease in seven patients (63.6%). At a median follow-up of 31 to 33 months, no NAC recurrence did occur; disease-free survival was more than 96%, and LRR was homogeneously distributed among TND subgroups. Conclusion: Therapeutic NSM is a safe procedure independently of TND assessed at preoperative breast MRI. Permanent section assessment of retroareolar tissue is more accurate and cost-effective than frozen section. Furthermore, delayed nipple and/or NAC excision did not impair local disease control.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1021797
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