The excitation of plasmonic nanoparticles by ultrashort laser pulses sets in motion a complex ultrafast relaxation process involving the gradual re-equilibration of the system's electron gas, lattice, and environment. One of the major hurdles in studying these processes is the lack of direct measurements of the dynamic temperature evolution of the system subcomponents. We measured the dynamic optical response of ensembles of plasmonic Au nanoparticles following ultra-short-pulse excitation, and we compared it with the corresponding static optical response as a function of the increasing temperature of the thermodynamic bath. Evaluating the two sets of data, the optical fingerprints of equilibrium or off-equilibrium responses could be clearly identified, allowing us to extract a dynamic thermometric calibration scale of the relaxation process, yielding the experimental ultrafast temperature evolution of the plasmonic particles as a function of time.

Thermometric Calibration of the Ultrafast Relaxation Dynamics in Plasmonic Au Nanoparticles

Ferrera M.;Sygletou M.;Magnozzi M.;Mattera L.;Canepa M.;
2020

Abstract

The excitation of plasmonic nanoparticles by ultrashort laser pulses sets in motion a complex ultrafast relaxation process involving the gradual re-equilibration of the system's electron gas, lattice, and environment. One of the major hurdles in studying these processes is the lack of direct measurements of the dynamic temperature evolution of the system subcomponents. We measured the dynamic optical response of ensembles of plasmonic Au nanoparticles following ultra-short-pulse excitation, and we compared it with the corresponding static optical response as a function of the increasing temperature of the thermodynamic bath. Evaluating the two sets of data, the optical fingerprints of equilibrium or off-equilibrium responses could be clearly identified, allowing us to extract a dynamic thermometric calibration scale of the relaxation process, yielding the experimental ultrafast temperature evolution of the plasmonic particles as a function of time.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1018505
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