Myostatin (MSTN), a family member of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β super family, has been detected in the tubuli of pig kidney, but its role in the human kidney is not known. In this study we observed upregulation of MSTN mRNA (~8 to 10-fold increase) both in the glomeruli and tubulointerstitium in diabetic nephropathy (DN). In DN, immunoreactive MSTN was mainly localized in the tubuli and interstitium (∼4-8 fold increase), where it colocalized in CD45+ cells. MSTN was also upregulated in the glomeruli and the arterial vessels. Tubulointerstitial MSTN expression was directly related to interstitial fibrosis (r = 0.54, p < 0.01). In HK-2 tubular epithelial cells, both high (30 mmol) glucose and glycated albumin upregulated MSTN mRNA and its protein (p < 0.05-0.01). MSTN-treated HK-2 cells underwent decreased proliferation, together with NF-kB activation and CCL-2 and SMAD 2,3 overexpression. In addition, MSTN induced intracellular ROS release and upregulated NADPH oxidase, effects which were mediated by ERK activation. In conclusion, our data show that MSTN is expressed in the human kidney and overexpressed in DN, mainly in the tubulointerstitial compartment. Our results also show that MSTN is a strong inducer of proximal tubule activation and suggest that MSTN overexpression contributes to kidney interstitial fibrosis in DN.

Enhanced myostatin expression and signalling promote tubulointerstitial inflammation in diabetic nephropathy

Verzola, Daniela;Milanesi, Samantha;Viazzi, Francesca;Ansaldo, Francesca;Saio, Michela;Garibaldi, Silvano;Carta, Annalisa;Costigliolo, Francesca;Salvidio, Gennaro;Barisione, Chiara;Esposito, Pasquale;Garibotto, Giacomo;Picciotto, Daniela
2020

Abstract

Myostatin (MSTN), a family member of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β super family, has been detected in the tubuli of pig kidney, but its role in the human kidney is not known. In this study we observed upregulation of MSTN mRNA (~8 to 10-fold increase) both in the glomeruli and tubulointerstitium in diabetic nephropathy (DN). In DN, immunoreactive MSTN was mainly localized in the tubuli and interstitium (∼4-8 fold increase), where it colocalized in CD45+ cells. MSTN was also upregulated in the glomeruli and the arterial vessels. Tubulointerstitial MSTN expression was directly related to interstitial fibrosis (r = 0.54, p < 0.01). In HK-2 tubular epithelial cells, both high (30 mmol) glucose and glycated albumin upregulated MSTN mRNA and its protein (p < 0.05-0.01). MSTN-treated HK-2 cells underwent decreased proliferation, together with NF-kB activation and CCL-2 and SMAD 2,3 overexpression. In addition, MSTN induced intracellular ROS release and upregulated NADPH oxidase, effects which were mediated by ERK activation. In conclusion, our data show that MSTN is expressed in the human kidney and overexpressed in DN, mainly in the tubulointerstitial compartment. Our results also show that MSTN is a strong inducer of proximal tubule activation and suggest that MSTN overexpression contributes to kidney interstitial fibrosis in DN.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1006536
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