Ivermectin is a drug approved for the treatment of papulopustular rosacea (PPR). Although clinical guidelines recommend the use of ivermectin as the first-line treatment in patients with almost clear and mild rosacea, studies concerning its use on them are lacking. This study investigated the effectiveness and the tolerability of ivermectin in almost clear to severe rosacea and assessed the antiparasitic effect on Demodex mites. This is a retrospective study based on 50 patients affected by PPR and treated with topical ivermectin 1% once daily over 16 weeks. The disease severity, the patient-examined improvement, and the safety assessment of patients were evaluated. Demodex mites were studied with the standardized skin surface biopsy. PPR to all severity achieved a therapeutic success. The number of inflammatory lesions was significantly decreased in almost clear (p <.0001), mild, moderate, and severe (p <.001) forms. A complete remission of inflammatory lesions was achieved by almost clear (p <.001) and mild (p =.005) with 82% with none-to-mild cutaneous adverse events. Thirty-two percent were positive for Demodex mites, and all of them turned negative after 16 weeks. Ivermectin is an effective treatment not only in moderate to severe PPR but also in almost clear/mild rosacea.

Real-life experience on effectiveness and tolerability of topical ivermectin in papulopustular rosacea and antiparasitic effect on Demodex mites

Trave I.;Merlo G.;Cozzani E.;Parodi A.
2019

Abstract

Ivermectin is a drug approved for the treatment of papulopustular rosacea (PPR). Although clinical guidelines recommend the use of ivermectin as the first-line treatment in patients with almost clear and mild rosacea, studies concerning its use on them are lacking. This study investigated the effectiveness and the tolerability of ivermectin in almost clear to severe rosacea and assessed the antiparasitic effect on Demodex mites. This is a retrospective study based on 50 patients affected by PPR and treated with topical ivermectin 1% once daily over 16 weeks. The disease severity, the patient-examined improvement, and the safety assessment of patients were evaluated. Demodex mites were studied with the standardized skin surface biopsy. PPR to all severity achieved a therapeutic success. The number of inflammatory lesions was significantly decreased in almost clear (p <.0001), mild, moderate, and severe (p <.001) forms. A complete remission of inflammatory lesions was achieved by almost clear (p <.001) and mild (p =.005) with 82% with none-to-mild cutaneous adverse events. Thirty-two percent were positive for Demodex mites, and all of them turned negative after 16 weeks. Ivermectin is an effective treatment not only in moderate to severe PPR but also in almost clear/mild rosacea.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1003784
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact