Trajectory optimization and motion planning for quadrotors in unstructured environments Coming out from university labs robots perform tasks usually navigating through unstructured environment. The realization of autonomous motion in such type of environments poses a number of challenges compared to highly controlled laboratory spaces. In unstructured environments robots cannot rely on complete knowledge of their sorroundings and they have to continously acquire information for decision making. The challenges presented are a consequence of the high-dimensionality of the state-space and of the uncertainty introduced by modeling and perception. This is even more true for aerial-robots that has a complex nonlinear dynamics a can move freely in 3D-space. To avoid this complexity a robot have to select a small set of relevant features, reason on a reduced state space and plan trajectories on short-time horizon. This thesis is a contribution towards the autonomous navigation of aerial robots (quadrotors) in real-world unstructured scenarios. The first three chapters present a contribution towards an implementation of Receding Time Horizon Optimal Control. The optimization problem for a model based trajectory generation in environments with obstacles is set, using an approach based on variational calculus and modeling the robots in the SE(3) Lie Group of 3D space transformations. The fourth chapter explores the problem of using minimal information and sensing to generate motion towards a goal in an indoor bulding-like scenario. The fifth chapter investigate the problem of extracting visual features from the environment to control the motion in an indoor corridor-like scenario. The last chapter deals with the problem of spatial reasoning and motion planning using atomic proposition in a multi-robot environments with obstacles.
|Titolo della tesi:||Trajectory optimization and motion planning for quadrotors in unstructured environments|
|Data di discussione:||12-apr-2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Tesi di dottorato|