The present paper shows an experimental and numerical analysis to understand the seismic behaviour of unreinforced masonry cross vault. The experimental tests were performed on a 1:5 scale model of a cross vault made of 3D-printed blocks with dry joints. The seismic actions was experimentally simulated as a horizontal force proportional to the vault’s mass by using a quasi-static tilt testing setup. The vault 3D collapse mechanism and its strength expressed in terms of collapse multiplier was investigated, also considering the direction of the seismic action with respect to the vault’s base. The tests results were compared to those obtained from a numerical analysis using a rigid-block model based on 3D limit analysis. The model formulation allows to take into account both associative and non-associative behaviour. A sensitivity analysis on friction angle variation was also investigated to evaluate the accuracy and robustness of the model.

Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Seismic Response of Unreinforced Masonry Cross Vaults

Chiara Calderini;Michela Rossi;Sergio Lagomarsino;
2017

Abstract

The present paper shows an experimental and numerical analysis to understand the seismic behaviour of unreinforced masonry cross vault. The experimental tests were performed on a 1:5 scale model of a cross vault made of 3D-printed blocks with dry joints. The seismic actions was experimentally simulated as a horizontal force proportional to the vault’s mass by using a quasi-static tilt testing setup. The vault 3D collapse mechanism and its strength expressed in terms of collapse multiplier was investigated, also considering the direction of the seismic action with respect to the vault’s base. The tests results were compared to those obtained from a numerical analysis using a rigid-block model based on 3D limit analysis. The model formulation allows to take into account both associative and non-associative behaviour. A sensitivity analysis on friction angle variation was also investigated to evaluate the accuracy and robustness of the model.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/892637
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