INTRODUCTION: The introduction of combined antiretroviral treatment (cART) has reduced HIV-associated morbidity and mortality, and changed the patients' perspective of life. As a result, Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) has become a crucial clinical issue. OBJECTIVE: Assessment of HRQOL in a sample of Italian patients from IANUA study. Investigate correlation between CD4 cell counts, viral load and changes in HRQOL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: EQ-5D-3L self-reported questionnaire has been used in the evaluation of HRQOL. It assesses five dimensions: "mobility," "self care," "usual activities," "pain/discomfort" and "anxiety/depression." Each dimension has three levels: no problems, some problems and extreme problems. In addition, it includes a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) where one's own health "today" is rated from 0 "worst imaginable health" to 100 "best imaginable health." The respondents provide information on marital status, education, employment/unemployment, other treatments used in addition to HAART (1,2,3,4,5 or more) and number of hospitalizations due to HIV/AIDS. RESULTS: 684 patients completed the questionnaire: 231 females and 453 males. The mean age of the sample was 51 years (range 21-78). The mean VAS score was 69.9. 558 patients (81.5%) reported no problems in mobility. 642 patients (93.5%) had no problems in self care. 423 patients (61.8%) had no pain/discomfort while 219 had some problems. 326 patients (46.1%) had some problems in anxiety/depression. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of self-reported questionnaires indicates that HRQOL in our sample group is not deeply affected by HIV/AIDS. The dimensions that are affected in the least are "mobility" and "self care" while the major problem is "anxiety/depression" with half of the sample reporting moderate or high level.

Quality of life of people living with HIV, preliminary results from IANUA (Investigation on Antiretroviral Theraphy) study

VENTURINI, ALBERTO;GIANNINI, BARBARA;MONTEFIORI, MARCELLO;DI BIAGIO, ANTONIO;MAZZARELLO, GIOVANNI;GIACOMINI, MAURO;SETTI, MAURIZIO;VISCOLI, CLAUDIO;CASSOLA, GIOVANNI
2014

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The introduction of combined antiretroviral treatment (cART) has reduced HIV-associated morbidity and mortality, and changed the patients' perspective of life. As a result, Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) has become a crucial clinical issue. OBJECTIVE: Assessment of HRQOL in a sample of Italian patients from IANUA study. Investigate correlation between CD4 cell counts, viral load and changes in HRQOL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: EQ-5D-3L self-reported questionnaire has been used in the evaluation of HRQOL. It assesses five dimensions: "mobility," "self care," "usual activities," "pain/discomfort" and "anxiety/depression." Each dimension has three levels: no problems, some problems and extreme problems. In addition, it includes a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) where one's own health "today" is rated from 0 "worst imaginable health" to 100 "best imaginable health." The respondents provide information on marital status, education, employment/unemployment, other treatments used in addition to HAART (1,2,3,4,5 or more) and number of hospitalizations due to HIV/AIDS. RESULTS: 684 patients completed the questionnaire: 231 females and 453 males. The mean age of the sample was 51 years (range 21-78). The mean VAS score was 69.9. 558 patients (81.5%) reported no problems in mobility. 642 patients (93.5%) had no problems in self care. 423 patients (61.8%) had no pain/discomfort while 219 had some problems. 326 patients (46.1%) had some problems in anxiety/depression. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of self-reported questionnaires indicates that HRQOL in our sample group is not deeply affected by HIV/AIDS. The dimensions that are affected in the least are "mobility" and "self care" while the major problem is "anxiety/depression" with half of the sample reporting moderate or high level.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/800198
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